Cynoglossus lida   (Bleeker,  1851) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Shao, KT

Size: 18 cm.

Color: In alcohol specimens light brownish, still lighter on blind side.

Very elongate. Height 4-4.6 in length with caudal, head 4.5-5 in length with caudal. Eyes about 10, less than one eyediamter apart. Vertical through hindborder of upper eye somewhat before that through middle of lower eye. Posterior nostril on colored side pierced in interorbital space, anterior nostril tubular, near upper lip, those of blind side with an elevated rim at some distance of each other. Corner of mouth below hindborder of lower eye, more than one eyediameter nearer to branchial opening than end of snout. Hook of upper jaw reaching to below eye. Scales ctenoid on both sides. Two lateral lines on colored side, an upper and a middle one, separated by 13-14 scales. One indistinct median one on blind side.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Plagusia lida Bleeker, 1851
(Senior synonym)
Cynoglossus polytaenia (Bleeker, 1853)
(Junior synonym)
Arelia lida Bleeker, 1859
Cynoglossus lida Gunther, 1862
Cynoglossus lida Bleeker, 1872
Cynoglossus lida Day, 1888
Cynoglossus lida Alcock, 1889
Cynoglossus lida Vinciguerra, 1890
Cynoglossus lida Jenkins, 1910
Cynoglossus lida Tate Regan, 1920
Plagusia polytaenia Bleeker, 1853
(Junior synonym)
Arelia lida (Bleeker, 1851)
(Senior synonym)
Arelia polytaenia (Bleeker, 1853)
(Junior synonym)
Cynoglossus intermedius Alcock, 1889
(Junior synonym)
Cynoglossus os Fowler, 1904
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Shoulder-spot (English)
• tongue Sole (English)
• Khetar
• Jeeb
• Shoulder-spot Tonguesole
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Demersal


• Kerala, Shanghumugham INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, DV; Devi, K and Rajan, PT (2000) An account of ichthyofauna of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Bay of Bengal Occasional paper no 178 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Calcutta 1-434 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Ahmad, J (1985) Digenetic trematodes of marine fishes from the Arabian Sea. Part 43 Pakistan Journal of Zoology 17(2) 147-164 Available at - NCL, Pune (ASFA Records)
  • (2001) Fauna of Godavari estuary, Andhra Pradesh Estuarine ecosystem series 4 ZSI, Kolkata 1-166 Available at - ZSI, Pune
  • Ho, JS; Kim, IH and Kumar, AB (2000) Chondracanthid copepods parasitic on flatfishes of Kerala, India Journal Of Natural History Taylor and Francis 34(5) 709-735 Available at -
  • Balasubramanian, T Lagoons of India Environmental Information System Centre, Envis Publication Series: 3/2001 105 pp Available at -
  • Kurian, CV (1953) A preliminary survey of the bottom fauna and bottom deposits of the Travancore coast within the 15-fathom line Proceedings of the National Institute of Sciences of India 19 746–775 Available at -
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1929) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E. J. Brill Ltd. 5 458 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Bijukumar, A (1996) Nematode parasites associated with the flatfishes (order: pleuronectiformes) of the Kerala coast Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 38(1&2) 34-39 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dholakia, AD (2004) Marine resources Fisheries and aquatic resources of India Daya publishing house 271-303 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-09

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