Hemirhamphus marginatus   (Forsskal,  1775) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 30 cm.

Color: In preserved specimens brownish, more or less silvery, darker above. A lateral silvery band, bordered above by a more or less distinct narrower blackish band. Pectorals, ventrals and anal hyaline, the last two sometimes tipped with black. Dorsal black in front and along its free border. Caudal bordered with black above, below and posteriorly.

Strongly compressed, the breadth of the body being one half of its height. Height 8.1-8.7, 9.5-9.8 in length with caudal. Head from tip of upper jaw to branchial opening 2.8-3.2 in trunk. Entire head 2.2-2.4, 2.7-2.8 in length with caudal. Length of lower jaw beyond extremity of upper jaw 4-4.4, 4.5 to more than 5 in length with caudal. Eye 1.4-1.7 in postorbital part of head and equal to or even a little more than interorbital space. The triangular part of the upper jaw, formed by the intermaxillaries, is broader than long. Teeth stout, in the upper jaw in 2 series, in the lowerjaw in about 4 series, the bands of teeth do not taper conspicuously anteriorly or posteriorly. Origin of anal about opposite to 5th dorsal ray. Origin of dorsal separated by 32-37 scales from occiput and by 6 scales from lateral line. Dorsal and anal concave, the anterior rays the longer except in young specimens (see below). Length of base of anal 1.5-1.7 in that of dorsal. Pectorals longer than head without snout. Ventrals about half as long as pectorals, their inner ray produced and longer than the penultimate one. Origin of ventrals twice nearer to base of caudal than to tip of upper jaw. Caudal forked.

Remarks : Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Esox marginatus Forskal, 1775
Hemiramphus Lutkei Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1846
Hemiramphus Russeli Bleeker, 1852
Hemiramphus fasciatus Bleeker, 1853
Hemiramphus russellii Kner, 1867
Hemirhamphus marginatus Gunther, 1866
Hemirhamphus marginatus Bleeker, 1866
Hemirhamphus fasciatus Bleeker, 1866
Hemiramphus marginatus Klunzinger, 1871
Hemirhamphus brevirostris Steindachner, 1901
Hemiramphus fasciatus Max Weber, 1913

Common Name (s)
• Barred Halfbeak
• Bared Half Beak (English)
• Kunga
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Reef Associated


• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA (Record: 01/1987-04/1987)
• Gujarat INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1922) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 4 410 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kumaran, M; Mohan, RSL and Murty, VS (1989) Other fin-fish resources Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 65-72 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Dafni.com Available at - http://www.dafni.com/index_eng.html
  • Dholakia, AD (2004) Marine resources Fisheries and aquatic resources of India Daya publishing house 271-303 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Coastal Fishery Resources in Countries Bordering Indian Ocean Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-18

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