Hemirhamphus georgii [Status Unaccepted]   Valenciennes,  1846 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 29.5 cm.

Color: In preserved specimens yellowish or brown, with a slivery band on the sides, broadest below dorsal and bordered above by a narrower black band. Mandibulary fringes black. Fins hyaline, dorsal and caudal more or less distinctly bordered with black.

Compressed, the breadth of the body going 1.2-1.6 in its height. Height 12-14.5, 14.4-16.3 in length with caudal. Head from tip of upper jaw to branchial opening 3-3.4 (3.7 in small specimens) in trunk. Entire head 2.15-2.2 (less than twice in small specimens, which have a comparatively much longer lower jaw), 2.3-2.6 in length with caudal. Length of the lower jaw beyond the extremity of the upper jaw 3.2-3.5 in length, 3.5-3.8 in length with caudal, in small specimens the lower jaw is comparatively much longer, f.i. in one of 14.1 cm. total length 2.5, 2.8 in length with caudal. Eye 1.5-1.7 in postorbital part of head, somewhat less than inter-orbital space. The triangular part of the upper jaw, formed by the intermaxillaries, is convex and longer than broad at its base. Teeth in upper jaw in a band, tapering posteriorly, those of the lower jaw in a narrow band, tapering anteriorly. Origin of anal below 2nd or 3rd divided ray of dorsal. Origin of dorsal separated by 38-42 scales from occiput and by 6-8 scales from lateral line. Dorsal and anal with a concave free border, the anterior rays the longest. Poctorals about equal to or somewhat shorter or longer than head without snout. Ventrals somewhat more than half the length of the pectorals, their origin about twice as near to base of caudal as to corner of mouth. Caudal forked, the middle rays longer than the eye.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Hemirhamphus longirostris Bleeker 1845
Hemiramphus georgii Cuvier and Valenciennes 1846
Hemiramphus georgii Cantor 1850
Hemiramphus Georgii Bleeker 1852
Hemirhamphus Cantori Bleeker 1866
Hemiramphus georgii Kner 1867
Hemirhamphus georgii Gunther 1866
Hemirhamphus cantoris Gunther
Hemirhamphus Cantori Bleeker 1872
Hemirhamphus cantori Day 1880
Hemiramphus cantoris Jordan and Seale 1907
Hemirhamphus georgii Gunther 1909

Common Name (s)
• Long Billed Half Beak (English)
• Kunga
Economic Importance and Threats



• Gujarat INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1922) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 4 410 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Dholakia, AD (2004) Marine resources Fisheries and aquatic resources of India Daya publishing house 271-303 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-10-24

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