Tylosurus leiurus   (Bleeker,  1850) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Beloniformes
Family:Belonidae

Description
Size: 58 cm.

Color: In alcohol brownish, with a silvery lateral band, bordered above by a dark line, which is more clearly visible in formol specimens. Pectorals with a black subterminal blotch. Dorsal and less so anal with a blackish border. Ventrals hyaline. Caudal dusky.

Compressed, the breadth of the body going 1.3-1.5 in its height. Caudal peduncle rather variable, sometimes as high as broad, but generally higher than broad. Height 17-26, 18-29 in length with caudal. Head 2.8-3.2, 3-3.4 in length with caudal. Eye 2.5-3.3 in postorbital part of head, 1.1-1.3 in interorbital space and 8 to more than 9 in shout. Upper surface of head flat, with a broad but shallow scaly median groove, which widens anteriorly and through which runs a low, rounded, longitudinal ridges, which disappears anteriorly. Parietals coarsely striated, frontals with some striae, which disappear anteriorly, the supraorbital region being almost smooth. Upper surface of beak with fine striae. Height of mandiblebelow pupil equal to a little more than diameter of eye. Two thirds of maxillary hidden by praeorbital. Operculum scaly. Canines slender, somewhat curved backwards. Tongue smooth. Pectorals a little longer than or equal to postorbital part of head. Base of ventrals midway between base of caudal and hindborder of eye or somewhat nearer to firstnamed. The middle and hinder dorsal rays subequal in length and much shorter than the anterior ones. Origin of dorsal far behind that of anal, situated above the 7th divided ray of lastnamed fin and separated by 11 to 12 scales from lateral line. Caudal fin subtruncate.

Synonym (s)
Belone leiurus Bleeker, 1850
Mastacembelus anastomella Bleeker, 1866
Belone leiurus Kner, 1867
Belone liurus Gunther, 1866
Mastacembelus leiurus Bleeker, 1872
Belone liura Day, 1888
Tylosurus leiurus Jordan and Richardson, 1908
Strongylura leiura Fowler, 1919

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine

Biogeography


• INDIA (Record: 1922)
• East Coast, Coromandel, Pulicat Lake INDIA (Record: 1997-1998)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1922) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 4 410 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Raj, PJS, Tilak, JL and Kalaimani, G (2002) Experiments in restoration of benthic biodiversity in Pulicat Lake, south India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 44(1 & 2) 37-45 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-05-13

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