Tylosurus strongylurus   (van Hasselt,  1823) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 45 cm.

Color: In alcohol specimens brownish, with a lateral silvery band, especially distinct on the posterior half of the body, where it is bordered superiorly by a dark stripe. A bluish black spot at the base of the caudal fin. According to BLEEKER a variety occurs with black spots on head, back and sides.

Slightly compressed, the height being only a littel more than the breadth of the body. Tail somewhat more compressed. Height 14-15, 16-17 in length with caudal. Head 2.5-2.7, 2.9-3.1 in length with caudal. Eye 2.6-4 in postorbital part of head, 7-8.3 in snout and about equal to or a littel less than interorbital space. Height of mandible below pupil much less than greatest diameter of eye. Upper surface of head flat with a well developed but rather shallow median groove. Supraorbital region with some striae. Maxillary only half hidden by praeorbital. Operculum scaly. Canines rather small, slightly directed backwards. Tongue smooth. Pectorals a little less than, equal to or even a little longer than postorbital part of head. Base of ventrals about midway between eye and base of caudal. The middle and hinder dorsal and anal rays subequal in length and much shorter than the rays in front. Origin of dorsal above 2nd divided ray of anal. Lateral line without distinct keel on caudal peduncle. Caudal rounded.

Synonym (s)
Belone strongylura van Hasselt, 1823
Belone caudimacula Cuvier, 1829
Belone caudimacula Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1846
Belone caudimacula Cantor, 1850
Belone caudimacula Bleeker, 1852
Mastacembelus caudimacula Bleeker, 1865
Mastacembelus strongylurus Bleeker, 1866
Belone caudimaculata Gunther, 1866
Mastacembelus strongylurus Bleeker, 1872
Belone strongylura Day, 1888

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine


• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1948-1950)
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1922) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 4 410 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Sujansingani, KH (1954) Fish and fisheries of the Chilka Lake with statistics of fish catches for the years 1948-1950 Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 1 (1-2) 256-344 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1634/2/Article_15.pdf
  • ndkj Available at - http://www.ndkj.gov.cn/
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Nair, PVR; Luther, G and Adolph, C (1965) An ecological study of some pools near Mandapam (South India) formed as a result of the cyclone and tidal wave of 1964 Journal of the marine biological associaiton of India The marine biological association of India 7(2) 420-439 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-05-30

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