Enteromorpha intestinalis var. intestinalis   Bliding  1963 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Ulvophyceae

Size: Plants up to 50 cm high

Thallus unbranched, seldom with a few basal branches, but more often oblong to oblanceolate in ouline, tubular and inflated or compressed with two layers loosely adnate and with hollow margins, more or less wrinkled and lubricous, medium to yellowish green. The axis gradually tapering into the short stipe, often crenate just above the small disciform holdfast, from which seldom diminutive new thalli arise. Apex often opened before the thallus becomes fertile.

Cells in middle and apical region irregularly polygonal with 4-6 rounded to angular corners. In fully grown plants, in the apical region often more rounded than in the middle region. The cells show mostly unequal division and are arranged without order. Parietal chloroplast structure was observed by numerous large starch grains.

Most plants are dioecious gametophytes, producing 2 flagellate gametes. They are positively phototactic and are able to germinate without fusion. Sporophytes produce big 4-flagellate zoospores which are also positively phototactic.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• West Bengal INDIA (Record: 2000)

Literature Source(s)
  • Pal, R (2000) A brief report on the taxonomy and in vitro culture of Enteromorpha and Ulva from West Bengal coast Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Tamil Nadu 22 (1 & 2) 51-60 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org

Page last updated on:2011-03-28

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