Spyridia hypnoides   (Bory de Saint-Vincent) Papenfuss,  1968 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Rhodophyta
Class: Florideophyceae
Order:Ceramiales
Family:Spyridiaceae

Description
Color: Thallus pink to red

Thallus fuzzy, filamentous, densely bushy; branching alternate in all directions; apices normally terminating in large hooks; cortication is complete and continuous in main axis, restricted to nodes in determinate branchlets; small surface cortical cells at nodes altering with long narrow surface cells at internodes. Apical cells with 1-2(3) recurved spines.

Epiphytic on Hypnea musciformis, seagrass, Bryothamnion triquetrum.


Synonym (s)
Thamnophora hypnoides Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1834
(Homotypic synonym)
Alsidium ericoides Hering, 1841
(Heterotypic synonym)
Bindera insignis J. Agardh, 1841
(Heterotypic synonym)
Ceramium aculeatum C. Agardh ex Decaisne, 1841
(Heterotypic synonym)
Spyridia aculeata (C. Agardh ex Decaisne) Kutzing, 1843
(Heterotypic synonym)
Spyridia ericoides (Hering) Kutzing, 1847
(Heterotypic synonym)
Spyridia insignis (J. Agardh) J. Agardh, 1851
(Heterotypic synonym)
Spyridia tetracantha Kutzing, 1862
(Heterotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fertilizer)

Ecology
Habitat:  Rocky

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai (Lat: 8.17) (Long: 77.74) INDIA (Record: 31/12/2004)
• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chinnamuttom INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kootapuzhi Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kootapuzhi INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Idinthakarai (Lat: 8.16) (Long: 77.73) INDIA (Record: 10/2003-12/2003)
• Gujarat, Porbandar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • James, JE (2008) Studies on the effects of tsunami on the algal vegetation at Idinthakarai coast, southeast Tamilnadu Proceedings of the national symposium on marine and coastal ecosystems 27-29, August 2007. Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Marine Fisheries- 623 520, Tamil Nadu, India 30 35-37 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Kumar, RAS and Bai, RS (2008) Effect of aqueous extracts of seaweed and seagrass on amylase activity in Zea mays L. var. Pioneer Proceedings of the national symposium on marine and coastal ecosystems 27-29, August 2007 Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Marine Fisheries- 623 520, Tamilnadu, India 30 259-262 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sobithabai, R; Wilsey, II; Effie, A and Kumar, RAS (2007) Impact of Spyridia hypnoides and Syringodium isoetifolium extracts on the pigmentation in Abelmoschus esculentus Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Tamil Nadu, India 29(1 & 2) 75-79 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kumar, RAS and Babu, SS (2007) Allelopathic effect of Spyridia hypnoides and Syringodium isoetifolium on the protein content in Zea mays during senescence Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Tamil Nadu, India 29(1 & 2) 81-84 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Silva, PC; Basson, PW and Moe, RL (1996) Catalogue of the benthic marine algae of the Indian Ocean University of California Press 79 1259 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Bocas del Toro: Species database Available at - http://biogeodb.stri.si.edu/bocas_database/search/
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • SreekalaDevi, R.; James, J.E.; Babu, S.S (2004) Distribution of marine macroalgae in Idinthakarai and Vizhinjam coasts - A comparative study. Seaweed Research and Utilization Seaweed Research and Utilization Association, Marine Fisheries-623520, Tamil Nadu, India 26(1-2) 29-32. Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Jha B, Reddy C.R.K, Thakur M C and Rao M (2009) Seaweeds of India The Diversity and Distribution of seaweeds of Gujarat Coast Springer 211pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-12-13

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