Pelochelys bibroni   (Owen,  1853) (Turtle)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Reptilia

Image copyrights: Turtles of the World

Size: Carapace up to 102 cm

Color: Carapace brown with irregular yellow to buff marks on the side of the central disc, often as wide bars. The pliable rim also has numerous irregular light mark is and a narrow yellow rim.

A few low tubercles are situated in the cervical region. The soft parts are brown to black. The neck bears prominent yellow or buff longitudinal stripes, and similarly colored irregular marks appear on the limbs. No vertical cusp-edged scales are present along the lower margin of the forelimb. Juveniles are patternless with a rough-textured pale brown carapace.Carapace tubercles are either isolated or in continuous rows, and vermiform tubercles are present on the dorsal and lateral surfaces of the neck. The adult pattern begins to appear soon after the turtle has grown to 10 cm carapace length.

Synonym (s)
Trionyx bibroni Owen, 1853
Pelochelys bibroni Smith, 1931
Pelochelys cumingii Gray, 1864
(Ambiguous synonym)
Pelochelys poljakowii Strauch, 1890
Trionyx (Gymnopus) bibroni Owen, 1853

Common Name (s)
• Asian Giant Softshell Turtle (English)
• Bibron's Giant Softshell Turtle (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal
Predator:  Crocodiles
IUCN Status:  Vulnerable


• West Bengal, Hugli Matla Estuary INDIA
• West Coast INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Kerala, Trivandrum INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• East Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Sanyal, DP; Dattagupta, B and Sur, S (1995) Reptilia Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 401-416 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at -
  • Bisby, FA; Roskov, YR; Orrell, TM; Nicolson, D; Paglinawan, LE; Bailly, N; Kirk, PM; Bourgoin, T and Baillargeon, G (Eds.) (2009) Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2009 Annual Checklist Available at -
  • Ernst, CH; Altenburg, RGM and Barbour, RW (2006) Turtles of the world World biodiversity database Available at -
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at -

Page last updated on:2010-09-23

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