Botryocladia leptopoda   (J. Agardh) Kylin,  1931 (Algae)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Rhodophyta
Class: Florideophyceae
Order:Rhodymeniales
Family:Rhodymeniaceae

Description
Size: Plants 30-50 cm in height.

Color: Purplish red

Plants attached to substratum by well defined holdfast; much branched, axes and branches cartilaginous, terete to subterete. Branches covered entirely with numerous bladder-like vesicles. Vesicles numerous, generally radially disposed on branches, pyriform, globose, shortly pedicillate, varying much in size from 1-2 mm broad to 4-5 mm in diameter, mostly smaller in size and generally with rather large vesicles intermingled; younger vesicles occurring in between the older ones.

Cavity inside the vesicles filled with clear mucilage. Wall layer of vesicles 60-65 ยต thick, 2-3 layered. Innermost layer of large cells covered near periphery by a cortical layer. Cortical layer of one of two cells thick made up of large number of small cells of variable size forming a dense cover. Gland cells on the innermost large cells and facing the cavity inside the vesicles, globular, regularly distributed, generally single gland cell on each large cell, very rarely 2 or 3 on the same cell. Substance membranaceous, firm in the stem.


Synonym (s)
Chrysymenia uvaria var. leptopoda J. Agardh, 1876
Chrysymenia leptopoda (J. Agardh) Weber-van Bosse, 1928

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky, Coastal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island, Galaxea reef INDIA (Record: 1940-1950)
• INDIA
• YEMEN
• MADAGASCAR
• Java INDONESIA
• PAKISTAN
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai-Dhanushkodi INDIA (Record: 12/1990-01/1991)
• Gujarat, Okha Reef INDIA
• Gujarat, Adatra Reef INDIA
• Gujarat, Hanumandandi Reef INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka Reef INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar, Pudumadam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kanniyakumari INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Dhanushkodi INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Gujarat, Okha INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA
• Gujarat, Shivrajpur INDIA
• Gujarat, Porbandar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Krishnamurthy, V (2008) The algal flora of Krusadai Island- It's past status and present decay Proceedings of the national symposium on marine and coastal ecosystems 27-29, August 2007. Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Marine Fisheries-623 520, Tamil Nadu, India 30 13-17 Available at - NIO Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • FloraBase: The western Australian Flora Available at - http://florabase.dec.wa.gov.au/
  • Kaliaperumal, N; Chennubhotla, VSK; Kalimuthu, S; Ramalingam, JR; Pillai, SK; Muniyandi, K; Rao, KR; Rao, PVS; Thomas, PC; Zaidi, SH and Subbaramaiah, K (1998) Seaweed resources and distribution in deep waters from Dhanushkodi to Kanyakumari, Tamilnadu Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Tamil Nadu, India 20(1&2) 141-151 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2006) Algaebase Available at - http://www.algaebase.org/
  • Gopalakrishnan, P (1970) Some observations on the shore ecology of the Okha Coast Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Cochin, India 120(1&2) 15-34 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/570/1/Bulletin_9.pdf
  • Srinivasan, KS (1969) Phycologia Indica: Icones of Indian marine algae Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta 1 52 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sahoo, D; Nivedita and Debasish (2001) Seaweeds of Indian coast S. B. Nangia, A. P. H. Publishing Corporation, New Delhi 283 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, MU (1968) Additions to the algal flora of the Gulf of Mannar and Palk bay from Mandapam area Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 10(2) 366-369 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • James, PSBR (1987) Distribution of the important Indian marine algae Seaweed research and utilization in India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 41 100-111 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8209/1/Bulletin_No_41.pdf
  • Jha B, Reddy C.R.K, Thakur M C and Rao M (2009) Seaweeds of India The Diversity and Distribution of seaweeds of Gujarat Coast Springer 211pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-12-12

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