Stigmatogobius sadanundio   (Hamilton,  1822) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Vidthayanon, C.

Size: 8.5-9.0 cm.

Color: Body pearly grey with three or four roughly aligned rows of round black spots along the sides; bases of soft dorsal and anal fins with elongate spots and streaks (aligned with fin rays); elongate blackish spot on first dorsal fin between third to fifth dorsal fin spines.

Body elongate, height 3.7-4 in head, head 5 in length. Eye 3-4 in head; snout shorter than eye. Teeth in several rows. Head scaled above or behind the eye. First dorsal with 6 rays, second dorsal fin with 8 rays. Anal fin with 9 rays. Pectoral fin about as long as head. Caudal fin a little longer than heda. Body with number of black spots in one or a few lines, caudal fin with small black spots. Dorsal spines (total): 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 7-8; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 7-8; Vertebrae: 26-27.

Dioecious, external fertilization, guarders, nesters. A cave-brooder. Produces up to 1000 eggs.

During high tide they live underwater for most of the time, but they are often exposed to areial condition during low tide.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Gobius apogonius Cantor, 1849
(Junior synonym)
Gobius pleurostigma (non Bleeker, 1849)
(Misapplied name)
Gobius sadanundio Hamilton, 1822
(Senior synonym)
Stigmatogobius sadanundio (Hamilton, 1822)
(Senior synonym)
Gobius sadanundio Hamilton-Buchanan, 1822
Stigmatogobius sadanundio Visweswara Rao, 1977
Gobius pleurostigma Bleeker, 1849
Gobius apogonius Cantor, 1850
Gobius sadanundio Bleeker, 1853
Gobius apogonius Gunther, 1861
Stigmatogobius sadanundio Bleeker, 1878
Gobius sadanundio Day, 1878
Gobius sadanundio Fowler, 1928
Gobius sadanundio Hora, 1929
Stigmatogobius sadanundio Koumans, 1932
Vaimosa spilopleura H. M. Smith, 1933
Stigmatogobius sadanundio Koumans, 1941
Vaimosa spilopleura Fowler, 1937

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Bentho Pelagic, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Small fishes and invertebrates, including mosquito larvae


• West Bengal, Fraserganj INDIA (Record: 11/09/1974)
• West Bengal, Sagar Island INDIA (Record: 05/02/1981)
• Tamil Nadu INDIA (Record: 1995)
• SRI LANKA (Record: 1995)
• BANGLADESH (Record: 1995)
• INDIA (Record: 1953)
• Orissa, Ekakula INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Mukherjee, P (1995) Intertidal fishes Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 345-388 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Koumans, FP (1953) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 10 423 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Chadha, S and Sekar, KC (1999) Bhitarkanika:myth and reality Nataraj publishers, Dehra Dun Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Mehta, HS and Devi, K (1990) Four new records of Gobioid Fishes from Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(1) 66-68 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-24

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