Enhydris enhydris   (Schneider,  1799) (Marine Snake)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Reptilia

Image copyrights: Indianetzone

Max. length: 900 mm

Color: Dorsal brown, olivaceous, with a dorso-ventral stripe, which are bounded on either side by a pale stripe; head brown with light variegations with a light stripe on each side of the eye.

The nasals in contact with the rostral, 21 or 23 costals at midbody; nostrils situated on the upper surface of the snout. Eyes small and directed upwards. Snout broad an rounded. 8 upper labials, 4th touching the eye and the last one is very small. Females are much longer than males.

The female produces 6-18 young at a time.

Synonym (s)
Hydrus enhydris Schneider, 1799
Enhydris enhydris Pope, 1935

Common Name (s)
• Common Smooth Water Snake (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Fish, frogs and tadpoles


• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA (Record: 03/08/1955)
• West Bengal, Bangaon, Ichhamati River INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Murthy, TSN (1995) Reptilia and Amphibia Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilka lake ZSI, Calcutta 507-560 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Flora & fauna: Water snakes Indianetzone Available at - http://www.indianetzone.com/4/water_snakes.htm
  • Sanyal, DP; Dattagupta, B and Sur, S (1995) Reptilia Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 401-416 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, SR and Nandi, NC (2004) Oxbow lake environment and management of Ichhamati river basin, West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 1(1&2) 81-90 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-01

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