Glossogobius biocellatus   (Valenciennes,  1837) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: T. Suzuki

Size: 101 mm.

Color: Greenish to blackish. Head with shiny spots on lower part and blackish spots on upper part. On body shiny greenish spots and 5-6 greater in a longitudinal row on upper part or two rows of alternating blotches. Fins blackish to orange. First dorsal fin with a blackish ocellus between first and second ray and another between fifth and sixth ray. Other fins, except ventral fin, with spotted rays.

Body elongated, anteriorly cylindrical, posteriorly compressed, height 5-6 1/2 in length, 6-8 in total length. Head pointed, depressed, 3-3 1/4 in length, 3 2/3 - 4 in total length. Frontal line straight, on snout a little convex. Eye 4 1/3 - 5 in head, interorbital 1/3 - 1/4 eye diameter. A circular process from upper part of iris into pupil of eye. A crest from snout to temporal region is in interorbital distinct. Snout pointed, as long as eye or a little shorter, tip before middle of eye. Lower jaw prominent. Maxillary extends to below to below posterior margin of eye. Teeth in many rows, in maxillary some rows caninoid, in lower jaw outer row and inner row caninoid enlarged, outer row strongly curved in front. Three to five longitudinal mucous canals on cheek. One pore in middle of interorbital. Supraopercular groove begins with an open pore behind eye. Head scaled above behind eye and on upper part of opercle with ctenoid scales. First dorsal fin pointed, the second, third and fourth rays are the longest. Second dorsal fin about as high as body. Pectoral fin rounded, about as long as head without snout. Ventral fin not shorted than pectoral fin. Anal fin similar to second dorsal fin. Caudal fin rounded, shorter than head.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Gobius eleotrioides Bleeker, 1849
Gobius sumatranus Bleeker, 1854
Gobius biocellatus Gunther, 1861
Gobius biocellatus Day, 1878
Gobius biocellatus M. Weber, 1894
Glossogobius aglestes Jordan and Seale, 1905
Glossogobius vaisiganis Jordan and Seale, 1906
Glossogobius aglestes Seale, 1910
Gobius (Glossogobius) biocellatus M. Weber, 1913
Glossogobius biocellatus McCulloch and Ogilby, 1919
Glossogobius biocellatus Herre, 1927
Glossogobius biocellatus Fowler, 1928
Glossogobius biocellatus Fowler, 1932
Glossogobius biocellatus Herre, 1936
Glossogobius biocellatus Tomiyama, 1936
Glossogobius aglestes Koumans, 1940
Glossogobius biocellatus Koumans, 1941
Glossogobius biocellatus Schultz, 1943

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1985-1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1948-1950)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Koumans, FP (1953) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 10 423 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Sujansingani, KH (1954) Fish and fisheries of the Chilka Lake with statistics of fish catches for the years 1948-1950 Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 1 (1-2) 256-344 Available at -
  • FishPix Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-08-11

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