Macrobrachium mirabile   (Kemp,  1917) (Prawn)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Palaemonidae

Image copyrights: FAO

Description
Max. size: 40 mm TL (male), 60 mm TL (female).

Rostrum not reaching the distal end of antennal scale, with rather high dorsal crest, rostal formula: 4 - 6 + 9 - 10/1-2, dorsal teeth subequally spaced. Branchiostegal suture not extending posteriorly beyond hepatic spine. Telson with posterior apex not over-reaching posterolateral spines. 1st pereopod with chela more than 1/2 as long as carpus. 2nd pereopods subequal in length and similar in form, palm subcylindrical, fingers not concealed by dense pubescence, not dentate on opposable margins, not gaping, fingers 1 2/3 times as long as palm, latter without any dense pubescence, chela 1 3/4 times as long as carpus, palm less than 3/4 as long as carpus, carpus more than 3/4 as long as merus, not longitudinally grooved. 3rd pereopod over-reaching antennal scale by length of dactyle, propodus not profusely spinose or scaly.


Synonym (s)
Palaemon mirabilis Kemp, 1917
Macrobrachium mirabile Holthuis, 1950
Macrobrachium mirabile George, 1969
Palaemon mirabilis Kemp, 1917
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Shortleg River Prawn (English)
• Chingri
Economic Importance and Threats
(Fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Kakdwip, Harwood Point INDIA (Record: 17/10/1979)
• West Bengal, Kakdwip, Bhuban Nagar INDIA (Record: 10/10/1982)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• East Coast INDIA
• West Bengal, Hugli Matla Estuary INDIA
• West Bengal, Gangetic Delta INDIA
• INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Reddy, KN (1995) Prawns and shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda) Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 289-314 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Holthuis, LB (1980) FAO species catalogue. Vol. 1 Shrimps and prawns of the world. An annotated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries FAO Fisheries Synopsis - S125Vol.01 FAO, Rome 1 1-271 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ac477e/ac477e00.htm
  • Gopalakrishnan, V (1971) The biology of the Hooghly-Matlah estuarine system (West Bengal, India) with special reference to its fisheries Journal of marine biological association of india Marine biological association of india 13(2) 182-194 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • George, MJ (1969) Taxonomic considerations and General distribution Prawn fisheries of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 14 5-48 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/590/1/Bulletin_14.pdf
  • Kurian, CV and Sebastian, VO (2002) The Indian prawns of commercial importance Prawns and prawn fisheries of India Hindustan publishing corporation 74-96 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi, NC (2004) Crustacean fishery resources of coastal West Bengal and their conservation issues Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 1(1&2) 71-80 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-11-29

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