Johnius macropterus   (Bleeker,  1853) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: CSIRO

Size: Maximum 25 cm; common to 18 cm

Color: Back dark brown, flanks and belly whitish with silvery reflections; spinous part of dorsal fin darkish; pectoral fins hyaline.

A small sized species with a rounded, slightly projecting snout. Mouth inferior, its cleft horizontal; rostral pores 3 to 5, marginal pores 5, the marginal ones dividing the edge into lobes; mental pores 5; a short, stiff, short barbel behind the median pore; teeth differentiated into large and small in upper jaw, outer upper row slightly enlarged, not widely spaced; teeth in lower jaw small, uniform; sagitta (large earstone) with a tadpole-shaped impression of which the “head” lies obliquely and the “tail” is expanded and deepened as a hollow cone, connected with the “head” by a narrow groove; gillrakers 8 to 11 on lower limb of first arch. Dorsal fin with 10 spines, followed by a notch, second part of fin with 1 spine and 27 to 34 soft rays; anal fin with 2 spines and 7 or 8 soft rays; pectoral fins about 2/3 of head length; caudal fin rhomboid. Scales cycloid (smooth) on snout, below eye and on breast, elsewhere ctenoid (rough to touch); lateral line scales reaching to tip of caudal fin. Swimbladder hammer-shaped, with 12 to 15 pairs of arborescent appendages, the first branching in the head.

Synonym (s)
Blythia macroptera (Bleeker, 1853)
(Senior synonym)
Blythsciaena macroptera (Bleeker, 1853)
(Senior synonym)
Dendrophysa macroptera (Bleeker, 1853)
(Senior synonym)
Johnius macropterus (Bleeker, 1853)
(Senior synonym)
Sciaena macropterus (Bleeker, 1853)
(Senior synonym)
Umbrina macropterus Bleeker, 1853
(Senior synonym)
Umbrina macroptera Day, 1876
Sciaena macropterus Munro, 1955
Dendrophysa macroptera Trewavas, 1964
Blythia macroptera Talwar, 1972
Blythsciaena macroptera Talwar, 1975
Johnius mannarensis Mohan, 1969
Umbrina macroptera Bleeker, 1853

Common Name (s)
• Largefin Croaker (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, sold fresh and dried salted in markets.)

Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Benthic worms and small crustaceans


• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Kakinada INDIA (Record: 1990-1999)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.81) INDIA (Record: 12/2005-11/2006) (Depth: 12-30 mts)
• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Dummulapeta INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Sivakami, S and Ramalingam, P (2003) The Sciaenid fishery resources off Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(1) 74-87 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 3 Available at -
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Veerappan, N; Anbalagan, T and Balasubramanian, T (2009) Survey on sound producing marine fishes and Ichthyoplankters of Parangipettai coastal waters, southeast coast of India American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Science International Digital Organization for Scientific Information 6(1) 35-40 Available at -
  • Dutta, SK (2007) Biodiversity assessment of Dhamra port site and surrounding areas, Orissa Greenpeace India 4-38 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • Kizhakudan, SJ; Nair, KVS and Zala, MS Demersal Finfish Resources of Gujarat Sustainable fisheries development: Focus on Gujarat 57-66 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Biswas, KP (2009) Fishes around Indian Ocean Sciaenid Fishes Daya publishing house Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, SD; Rajan, PT and Soundararajan, S (2006) Marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fishing Chimes 25(10) 108-110 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-25

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