Stichodactyla gigantea   (Forskal)  1775 (Sea Anemone)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Actiniaria
Family:Stichodactylidae

Image copyrights: WildFactsheets

Description
Size: 500 mm diameter

Color: Non-adhesive verrucae on upper column blue to maroon, contrasting with yellowish, pinkish, tan, greenish-blue, or gray-green column. Basal portion of each tentacle color of the oral disc (often tan or pink); color of bluntly pointed distal part, which is what is generally noted as tentacle color, commonly brown or greenish, rarely a striking purple or pink, deep blue, or bright green. Much of central oral disc bare, but deep oral disc folds may hide mouth.

Deeply-folded oral disc (more pronounced with size), covered with short (average 10 mm), slightly tapering tentacles that typically vibrate constantly. Tentacles extremely sticky in life, adhering to collector's hand, and pulling off in clumps; but do not cause stinging sensation. Oral disc usually lies at surface of sand, often among corals; pedal disc attached to buried object.

Found in association with zooxanthellae and several kinds of animals which include anemone shrimps (Periclimenes sp.), and fishes such as Dascyllus trimaculatus and anemonefishes like Amphiprion akallopisos, Amphiprion bicinctus, Amphiprion clarkii, Amphiprion ocellaris, Amphiprion percula and Amphiprion perideraion.


Synonym (s)
Stoichactis giganteum (Forskal) 1775

Common Name (s)
• Gigantic Sea Anemone (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA (Record: 2000-2005)

Literature Source(s)
  • Madhu, R and Madhu, K (2007) Occurrence of anemonefishes and host sea anemones in Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 49(2) 118-126 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Tan, R Wild fact sheets Available at - http://www.wildsingapore.com/wildfacts/index.html
  • Fautin, DG and Allen, GR (1992) Sea anemones Field guide to anemone fishes and their host sea anemones Available at - http://www.nhm.ku.edu/inverts/ebooks/intro.html

Page last updated on:2009-06-17

Back to Search