Heteractis crispa   (Ehrenberg)  1834 (Sea Anemone)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Actiniaria
Family:Stichodactylidae

Image copyrights: Lynda Clarke

Description
Size: Diameter may exceed 500 mm, but commonly 200 mm

Color: Oral disc usually brownish violet or gray, rarely bright green. Tentacles often tipped mauve or blue, rarely yellow or green. Column gray in color.

Tentacles long (typically to 100 mm), sinuous, evenly tapered to point. Oral disc widely flared. Column leathery in texture, with prominent adhesive verrucae; lower part rarely mottled with yellow. Column buried in sediment so oral disc lies at surface of sediment, or pedal disc attached to branching coral. Tentacles very numerous - upto 800 counted. Tentacles shrivel when animal is disturbed, and assume green or gray luster; may shorten greatly in absence of fish. For an animal attached to coral branches, verrucae adhere to branches, holding oral disc open among them; verrucae adhere to sediment particles if animal lives in sediment.

Found in association with zooxanthellae and with many species of anemone fishes like Amphiprion bicinctus, Amphiprion ephippium, Amphiprion melanopus, Amphiprion percula, Amphiprion perideraion, Amphiprion polymnus and Amphiprion sandaracinos.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Leathery Sea Anemone (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA (Record: 2000-2005)
• Gujarat, Dwarka INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA
• Daman and Diu, Diu INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Madhu, R and Madhu, K (2007) Occurrence of anemonefishes and host sea anemones in Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 49(2) 118-126 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Guardini, M and Boyer, M World database of marine species Available at - http://www.seadb.univpm.it/index.php
  • Fautin, DG and Allen, GR (1992) Sea anemones Field guide to anemone fishes and their host sea anemones Available at - http://www.nhm.ku.edu/inverts/ebooks/intro.html
  • Julian rocks Available at - http://www.julianrocks.net
  • Raghunathan, C; Gupta, SR; Wangikar, U and Lakhmapurkar, J (2004) A record of live corals along the Saurashtra coast of Gujarat, Arabian Sea Current Science Current Science Association and Indian Academy of Sciences 87(8) 1131-1138 Available at - http://www.ias.ac.in/currsci/oct252004/1131.pdf

Page last updated on:2010-12-08

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