Cryptodendrum adhaesivum   Klunzinger  1877 (Sea Anemone)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Actiniaria
Family:Thalassianthidae

Image copyrights: WildFactsheets

Description
Size: Diameter 25-30cm

Color: Tentacles of the two forms usually different colors; observed combinations include yellow and pink, blue and gray, green and brown; occasionally tentacles of another color occur in patches amid those of predominant color. Entirely covered with tentacles except immediately around mouth, which can be fuchsia, yellow, green, white. Moreover, tentacle stalk and tips may differ in color. Therefore, may be extremely colorful animal.

Large flattened anemone, with very short (5 mm) and tightly packed tentacles, extremely sticky. Tentacles are of two forms: those in center of oral disc have narrow stalk with five or more short branches at end (i.e. resembling a miniature glove); those near the edge simple elongate bulbs about 1 mm diameter; at extreme margin is a ring of tentacles like the central ones but with fewer branches.

It harbours symbiotic algae (called zooxanthellae) that photosynthesize. The algae share the food produced with the anemone, which in turn provides the algae with shelter and minerals. Found in association with the anemone fishes Amphiprion clarkii and Amphiprion sebae. Also often associated with shrimps like Thor amboinensis, found around the anemone, and Periclimenes brevicarpalis living in pairs on the anemone's disc.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Adhesive Sea Anemone (English)
• Pizza Anemone (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA (Record: 2000-2005)

Literature Source(s)
  • Madhu, R and Madhu, K (2007) Occurrence of anemonefishes and host sea anemones in Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 49(2) 118-126 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Tan, R Wild fact sheets Available at - http://www.wildsingapore.com/wildfacts/index.html
  • Guardini, M and Boyer, M World database of marine species Available at - http://www.seadb.univpm.it/index.php
  • Fautin, DG and Allen, GR (1992) Sea anemones Field guide to anemone fishes and their host sea anemones Available at - http://www.nhm.ku.edu/inverts/ebooks/intro.html

Page last updated on:2009-06-17

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