Alectis indicus   (Ruppell,  1828) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: CSIRO

Size: Maximum 100 cm; common 40 cm

Max. weight reported: 25.0 kg

Color: Body pale to dark blue above, silvery white below; a dusky spot on upper edge of operculum in adults; dark cross bars on sides in juveniles; fins pale in large adults; juveniles with elongate parts of dorsal, anal and pelvic fins with dusky tips.

Body is strongly compressed with a body depth of nearly 2/3rd of standard length. Profile of head and nape somewhat angular, with a marked hump above eyes. The upper jaw (maxilla) reaches to below vertical from front edge to middle of eye. Teeth are villiform. Anal fins extremely long and filamentous in young. Vertebrae 10 + 14. Supraoccipital and distal ends of predorsal bones hyperossified and enlarged distally in specimens larger than 25 cm fork length. Pectoral fins falcate, longer than head; pelvic fins elongate in young; skin is smooth with minute scales. Body is superficially naked. Soft dorsal and anal fins almost equal and the anterior rays prolonged into long filaments giving the fish with disheveled appearance. Young specimens with 5 or 6 dull blue stripes running from the back to mid-flank. Dorsal spines (total): 7; Dorsal soft rays (total): 18 - 20; Anal spines: 3; Anal soft rays: 15 - 20.

Synonym (s)
Alectis indicus (Ruppell, 1830)
(Senior synonym)
Hynnis insanus Valenciennes, 1862
(Junior synonym)
Hynnis momsa Herre, 1927
(Junior synonym)
Scyris indicus Ruppell, 1830
(Senior synonym)
Seriolichthys indicus (Ruppell, 1830)
(Senior synonym)
Caranx gallus (Bloch, 1876)
Alectes indicus (Ruppell, 1830)
Alectis indica (Ruppell, 1830)

Common Name (s)
• Indian Threadfin Trevally (English)
• Para (Malayalam)
• Bhagat (Marathi)
• Paarai (Tamil)
• Gurrah-parah (Telugu)
• Threadfin Trevally (English)
• Indian Threadfish (English)
• Sukkan kanni parai
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish, aquarium)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Tertiary Consumer
Prey:  Fishes, squids, and crustaceans


• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai INDIA
• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Visakhapatnam INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Satapathy, D and Panda, S (2009) Fish atlas of Chilika Chilika Development Authority, Bhubaneswar 74 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean; (Fishing area 51). FAO, Rome 1 Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Whitehead, PJP (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Eastern Indian Ocean - Fishing Area 57 and Western Central Pacific - Fishing Area 71 FAO, Rome 1 Available at -
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at -
  • Ramani, K; Ammini, PL; Srinivasan, J; Najeemudeen, SH; Beena, MR; George, KP; Seynudeen, MB; Subbaraman, G; Anandan, K; Khambadkar, LL; Augustine, SK; Pugazhendi, D; Rudhramurthy, N; Subramani, S; Seetharaman, S; Batcha, HK and Sankaralingam, S (2010) An overview of marine fisheries in India during 2007 Marine Fisheries Information Service CMFRI, Kochi 203 1-14 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Shameem, A and Dutt, S (1986) Fishes of the family carangidae from Visakhaptnam: List if species and new records from the Indian seas Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 28(1&2) 159-162 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dutta, SK (2007) Biodiversity assessment of Dhamra port site and surrounding areas, Orissa Greenpeace India 4-38 Available at -
  • Bapat, SV; Deshmukh, VM; Krishnamoorthi, B; Muthiah, C; Kagwade, PV; Ramamirtham, CP; Mathew, KJ; Pillai, SK and C. Mukundan (1982) Species composition, distribution and abundance of major groups/species Fishery resources of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the NorthWest coast of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Kochi 33 1-86 Available at -
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, SD; Rajan, PT and Soundararajan, S (2006) Marine food fishes of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fishing Chimes 25(10) 108-110 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-25

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