Amphiprion perideraion   Bleeker,  1855 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Pomacentridae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: 7.5-10 cm.

Color: Color orange. Fins transparent. One white stripe following the dorsal contour from snout to caudal peduncle. One white vertical stripe between head and trunk.

Height 2.1, 2.7 in length with caudal. Head 3.4-3.5, 4.6 in length with caudal. Length of head 1.2-3.1 in its height. Eye 2.9-3, equal to snout and 1.1-1.2 in somewhat convex inter orbital space. Mouth oblique, maxillary reaching to below front border of eye. Strong conical teeth in a single row in both jaws. Preorbital, suborbital, interopercle, subopercle, and opercle strongly denticulated. Preopercle finely serrated behind. All opercular bones scaly. Preopercular limb naked. 24-26 rows of scales before dorsal. Scales reaching anteriorly almost to a line connecting front borders of eyes. First dorsal spine half length of second, which is somewhat shorter than third. Third to fifth spines longest, equal to eye or slightly longer. Last spine somewhat more than half diameter of of eye, much shorter than first dorsal ray. Soft dorsal higher than spinous part of fin, the longest ray equal to snout and eye together. First anal spine half length of second, which is as long as 8th dorsal spine. Soft anal less deep than soft dorsal, the longest ray equal to snout and half diameter of eye together. Pectorals almost as long as head. Ventrals equal to head without snout. Caudal rounded. Lateral body shape fusiform/normal. Dorsal spines (total): 9-10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 16-17; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 12-13.

Monogamous, protandrous hermaphrodites, external fertilization, guarders, nesters.

Associated with the anemones: Heteractis magnifica, Stichodactyla gigantea (usually), Macrodactyla doreensis (occasionally) and Heteractis crispa (rarely).

Has been reared in captivity.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Amphiprion amamiensis Mori, 1966
(Junior synonym)
Amphiprion rosenbergii Bleeker, 1859
(Junior synonym)
Prochilus perideraion (Bleeker, 1855)
(Senior synonym)
Amphiprion perideraion Gunther, 1862
Prochilus perideraion Bleeker, 1877
Amphiprion perideraeus Gunther, 1881
Amphiprion perideraion Montalban, 1927
Amphiprion perideraion Herre, 1936

Common Name (s)
• Pink Anemonefish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Aquarium)
Cultured:  Yes

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Primary Consumer
Prey:  Plants, benthic algae/weeds, zooplankton, zoobenthos
Predator:  Groupers

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Car Nicobar INDIA (Record: 2000-2005)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Campbell Bay INDIA (Record: 2000-2005)
• Karnataka, Netrani Island (Lat: 14.03) (Long: 74.55) INDIA (Record: 00/05/2006) (Depth: -(10-15) mts)
• Karnataka, Netrani Island INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Madhu, R and Madhu, K (2007) Occurrence of anemonefishes and host sea anemones in Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 49(2) 118-126 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Zacharia, PU; Krishnakumar, PK; Dineshbabu, AP; Vijayakumaran, K; Rohit, P; Thomas, S; Sasikumar, G; Kaladharan, P; Durgekar, RN and Mohamed, KS (2008) Species assemblage in the coral reef ecosystem of Netrani Island off Karnataka along the southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 87-97 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Thomas, S; Sreeram, MP; Kakati, VS; Manisseri, MK and George, RM (2011) Coral fish diversity in Netrani waters off Murudeshwar Karnataka, south India Indian journal of fisheries CMFRI 58(1) 45-51 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8473/1/IJF_Sujitha_45-51.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-05-11

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