Amphiprion melanopus   Bleeker,  1852 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 10-12 cm.

Color: Orange with a vertical black-edged white band behind the eye. Small juveniles are red with 1 to 2 additional white bars at mid-body and base of the tail.

Height 1.9-2, 2.4 in length with caudal. Head 3.1-3.3, 4 in length with caudal. Length of head 1.3-1.4 in its height. Eye 3-3.6, 1.4 in snout or less in young, and 1-1.2 in slightly convex inter orbital space. Mouth oblique, maxillary not quite reaching to below front border of eye. Strong conical teeth in a single row in the jaws. Preorbital and suborbital, and posterior border of preopercle moderately serrated. Opercle and subopercle strongly denticulated, interopercle smooth or with some feeble spines posteriorly in young specimens. All opercular bones scaly. Preopercular limb naked. All opercular bones scaly. Preopercular limb naked. Scales reaching on head to a line connecting middle of eyes. About 25 rows of scales before dorsal. Dorsal spines subequal, the first however somewhat shorter, the last spine equal to eye. In a young specimen the median spines are somewhat longer. First dorsal ray somewhat longer than last spine. Soft dorsal rounded behind. First anal spine less than half length of second, which is somewhat longer than dorsal spines. Soft anal slightly less deep than dorsal, acutely rounded behind. Pectorals rounded, a little less than head. Ventrals slightly shorter. Caudal obliquely truncate. Lateral body shape short and/or deep. Distinguished by the black ventral fins from other similar species. Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 16-18; Anal spines: 2; Anal soft rays: 13-14.

Protandrous, external fertilization, bearers, external brooders. Benthic spawner. Mouthbrooding done by the male.

Max. age reported: 5 years

Associated with the anemones: Entacmaea quadricolor, Heteractis crispa (usually) and Heteractis magnifica (occasionally).

Has been reared in captivity.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Amphiprion arion De Vis, 1884
(Junior synonym)
Amphiprion monofasciatus Thiolliere, 1857
(Junior synonym)
Amphiprion verweyi Whitley, 1933
(Junior synonym)
Prochilus macrostoma Bleeker, 1877
(Junior synonym)
Prochilus macrostomus Bleeker, 1877
(Junior synonym)
Amphiprion melanopus Gunther, 1862
Prochilus melanopus Bleeker, 1863
Prochilus melanopus Bleeker, 1877
Amphiprion melanopus Macleay, 1881
Amphiprion ephippium var. melanopus Gunther, 1881
Amphiprion ephippium Seale, 1901
Amphiprion melanopus Jordan and Seale, 1906
Amphiprion melanopus M. Weber, 1913
Amphiprion melanopus Fowler, 1928
Amphiprion melanopus McCulloch, 1929

Common Name (s)
• Red and Black Anemonefish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Subsistence fisheries; aquarium)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Plants, benthic algae/weeds, zooplankton, zoobenthos
Predator:  Anyperodon leucogrammicus


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Car Nicobar INDIA (Record: 2000-2005)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Campbell Bay INDIA (Record: 2000-2005)

Literature Source(s)
  • Madhu, R and Madhu, K (2007) Occurrence of anemonefishes and host sea anemones in Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 49(2) 118-126 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Beaufort, LF (1940) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago A. J. Reprints agency, Karol Bagh, New Delhi 8 508 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2010-05-06

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