Ichthyocampus carce   (Hamilton,  1822) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: FAO

Size: 4.8 - 15 cm SL.

Color: In fresh condition, body brownish with diffuse bands on the body. A pale spot on or above the inferior ridge on each trunk ring.

Body elongate, anterior portion of trunk deep with a tapering tail. Superior and inferior trunk ridges continuous with the respective tail ridges. Lateral trunk ridge deflected ventral near the anal ring. Deflected portion of the lateral ridge not reaching the continuous inferior body ridge. Dorsal fin origin from rear margin of first tail ring to middle of third ring. Median dorsal snout ridge entire and little elevated. Opercle possess a complete, straight, longitudinal ridge. Brood pouch situated under tail and pouch closure is everted type with pouch plates and folds.

Dioecious, ovoviviparous, bearers, external brooders . The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail. Males may be brooding at 7.8 cm SL. Breeds in late summer to rainy season.

Synonym (s)
Ichthyocampus carce (Hamilton, 1822)
(Senior synonym)
Ichthyocampus ponticerianus Kaup, 1856
(Junior synonym)
Syngnathus carce Hamilton, 1822
(Senior synonym)
Hippichthys heptagonus Bleeker, 1849
Syngnathus carce Bleeker, 1853
Syngnathus heptagonus Bleeker, 1855
Ichthyocampus carce Kaup, 1856
Ichthyocampus carce Bleeker, 1860
Ichthyocampus ponticerianus Day, 1865
Ichthyocampus pondicerianus Kner, 1867
Ichthyocampus ponticerianus Dumeril, 1870
Ichthyocampus carce Gunther, 1870
Ichthyocampus carce Day, 1888
Ichthyocampus carce Duncker, 1915
Ichthyocampus carce Chaudhuri, 1916

Common Name (s)
• Freshwater pipefish (English)
• Kolaan (Malayalam)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Worms, crustaceans and small zooplankton


• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1985-1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.76) INDIA (Record: 11/2006-12/2006)
• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• West Coast INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1948-1950)
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Dhanya, S; Rajagopal, S and Balasubramanian, T (2007) On the occurrence of pipefishes in Vellar estuary, Parangipettai Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 49(2) 237-238 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1922) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago Print times, Pataudi house, Daryaganj, New Delhi 4 410 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Satapathy, D and Panda, S (2009) Fish atlas of Chilika Chilika Development Authority, Bhubaneswar 74 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Sujansingani, KH (1954) Fish and fisheries of the Chilka Lake with statistics of fish catches for the years 1948-1950 Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 1 (1-2) 256-344 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1634/2/Article_15.pdf
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-09

Back to Search