Polyodontes melanonotus   (Grube)  1876 (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Order:Phyllodocida
Family:Acoetidae

Description
Ommatophores large, with black subspherical eyes on the extremity of clavate peduncles. Two small eye spots on each side of the prostomium. Tentacles and palps with pigment spots. First pairs of elytra large, crossing and overlapping in front, flat, smooth without fringe or pouch; others with a narrow posterior pouch. First foot slightly modified, elongated and pointing forwards. Bladder-like branchial tubercles on a number of feet. A dorsal geniculate or sub-cylindrical, process above the base of the dorsal cirrus. Spinning glands from the 8th foot backwards. Dorsal ramus flattened, with a few capillary setae. Ventral ramus large, thick, with 4 kinds of setae:
(1) a bundle of slender setae enlarged above the shaft and serrulate,
(2) pseudo-penicillate setae,
(3) a vertical row of large yellow aristate setae, and
(4) a bundle of serrulate subspiral setae.


Synonym (s)
Acoetes magnifica Treadwell 1929a
Polyodontes sibogae Horst 1917
Panthalis melanonotus Grube 1878
Polyodontes melanonotus Buchanan 1894

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Sandy, Muddy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA (Record: 1953, 1971)
• MYANMAR (Record: 1953, 1971)
• SRI LANKA (Record: 1953, 1971)
• Gulf of Oman (Record: 1953, 1971)
• MADAGASCAR (Record: 1953, 1971)
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram INDIA (Record: 1971)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA (Record: 1971)
• Maharashtra, Malvan INDIA (Record: 1971)
• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.08) (Long: 73.05) INDIA (Record: 1981)

Literature Source(s)
  • Fauvel, P (1953) The fauna of India including Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Malaya: Annelida, Polychaeta The Indian press ltd., Allahabad 507 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Parulekar, AH (1971) Polychaetes from Maharashtra and Goa Journal of Bombay Natural History Society Bombay Natural History Society 68(3) 726-749 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Parulekar, AH (1981) Marine fauna of Malvan, central west coast of India Mahasagar - Bulletin of National Institute of Oceanography NIO 14(1) 33-44 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2010-02-26

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