Hippocampus brachyrhynchus [Status Unaccepted]   Duncker,  1914 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Syngnathiformes
Family:Syngnathidae

Image copyrights: Lourie, SA

Description
Size (male): 14.4 cm OT

Color: Usually dark but can be bright yellow

Adult height: 8.0-12.0cm. Rings: 11 + 34 (33-37). Snout length: 2.7 (2.4-3.0) in head length. Dorsal fin rays: 16 (14-17) covering 2+1 rings. Pectoral fin rays: 15 (14-16). Coronet: low, arch of neck a smooth curve, or slightly raised and rough. Spines: low, smooth to slightly developed. Other distinctive characters: head large compared to body; deep head. Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 1417.

Dioecious, fertilization in brood pouch or similar structure. Adults pair-bond and greet on a daily basis in the laboratory. Ovoviviparous. The male carries the eggs in a brood pouch which is found under the tail. Gestation period is about 14 days depending on temperature. Clutch size is about 30-140 (from dropped clutches). Breeds in late summer to rainy season.


Synonym (s)
Hippocampus brachyrhynchus Duncker, 1914
(Junior synonym)
Hippocampus fuscus Ruppell, 1838
(Senior synonym)
Hippocampus kuda (non Bleeker, 1852)
(Misapplied name)
Hippocampus natalensis von Bonde, 1924
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Chilka Seahorse (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine
IUCN Status:  Data Deficient

Biogeography


• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1985-1987)
• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• PAKISTAN
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1948-1950)
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Satapathy, D and Panda, S (2009) Fish atlas of Chilika Chilika Development Authority, Bhubaneswar 74 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jones, S and Sujansingani, KH (1954) Fish and fisheries of the Chilka Lake with statistics of fish catches for the years 1948-1950 Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 1 (1-2) 256-344 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1634/2/Article_15.pdf
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-09

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