Microcosmus exasperatus   Heller,  1878 (Sea Squirt)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Ascidiacea

Max. size: 5.0 cm TL (male)

Color: Reddish-orange, pink, red

Synonym (s)
Ascidia cavernosa Lesueur, 1823
Ascidia variabilis Lesueur, 1823
Microcosmus biconvolutus Sluiter, 1898
Microcosmus distans Heller, 1878
Microcosmus haemisphaerium Sluiter, 1904
Microcosmus miniatus Verrill, 1900
Microcosmus variegatus Heller, 1878
Pyura cavernosa (Lesueur, 1823)
Pyura variabilis (Lesueur, 1823)
Microcosmus exasperatus Heller, 1878
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Demersal, Rocky, Coastal


• Tamil Nadu, Morepannai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Iranyanvalasai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Salai Thottam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Narippaiyur INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Keezha Vaipar INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam Bay INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam Bay (Lat: 8.37) (Long: 76.93) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chinnamuttom (Lat: 8.1) (Long: 77.56) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Manapad (Lat: 8.37) (Long: 78.06) INDIA (Record: 2002-2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Pozhikarai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Melakurumpanai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Keezha Kurumpanai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Arockiapuram INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kulasekarapattinam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin Harbour beach INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vellapatti INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Sippikulam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vembar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Adanchery INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Seeniappa Dharga INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vedalai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pillaimadam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krishnapuram INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Devipattinam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Thirupalakudi INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mullimunai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Vadakadu INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam Harbour INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Abdul, JAH and Sivakumar, V (2007) Occurrence and distribution of ascidians in Vizhinjam Bay (south west coast of India) Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 342(1) 189-190 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jembe.2006.10.041
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Jaffarali, HA; Sivakumar, V and Selvi, MT (2010) New records of colonial Ascidians from the South West coast of India Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research IDOSI Publications 5(5) 366-373 Available at - http://www.idosi.org/mejsr/mejsr5%285%29/9.pdf
  • Jaffar Ali, AH; Sivakumar, V and Tamilselvi, M (2009) Distribution of Alien and Cryptogenic Ascidians along the Southern Coasts of Indian Peninsula World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences IDOSI Publications 1(4) 305-312 Available at - http://www.idosi.org/wjfms/wjfms1%284%2909/9.pdf
  • Meenakshi, VK; Renganathan, TK; Senthamarai, S and Jeyalakshmi, J (2003) Marine biodiversity - Taxonomy of Indian Ascidians Technical report Available at - Biodiversity Informatics Group, NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-02-23

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