Clupea (Harengula) longiceps   Cuvier and Valenciennes  (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 16 cm.

Color: Silvery above, brownish on the back. Sometimes a brownish sopt on operculum. Fins hyaline, caudal and dorsal more or less dusky.

Elongate, dorsal and ventral profile evenly convex. Height 4-4 1/3, head 3¾ - 4, eye 4 - 4½, shorter than snout and much shorter than postorbital part of head. Maxillary reaches beyond frontmargin of eye, about 2½ in head. About 8-10 diverging postfrontal striae. Operculum twice as high as broad. Suboperculum rectangular, its lower posterior angle rounded. Dorsal somewhat nearer to caudal than to snout, its origin distinctly nearer to snout. Height of dorsal somewhat more than its length, which equals the postorbital part of head. Length of anal equals half length of head. Pectorals somewhat shorter than head without snout. Origin of ventrals behind middle of dorsal. Caudal 5¼ - 6 in the total length. Teeth on palatines, pterygoids and tongue. Gillrakers circa 120, the longest nearly as long as eye, less than half breadth of operculum. Scales smooth, irregularly crenulated, 13-15 praedorsal scales, 18 praeventral and 14 postventral abdominal scutes.

Synonym (s)
Sardinella longiceps Cuvier and Valenciennes 1847
Sardinella neohowii Cuvier and Valenciennes 1847
Alosa scombrina Cuvier and Valenciennes 1847
Sardinella lemuru Bleeker 1853
Clupea lemuru Gunther 1868
Clupea scombrina Gunther 1868
Clupea (Harengula) lemuru Bleeker 1872
Clupea longiceps Day 1888

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• INDIA (Record: 1965)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1965) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E.J. Brill, Leiden, Holland 2 404 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

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