Brachionus plicatilis   Muller,  1786 (Rotifer)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Rotifera
Class: Eurotatoria
Order:Ploima
Family:Brachionidae

Image copyrights: Jung Min-Min

Brachionus plicatilis with resting egg

Description
Size: Total lorica length 150-277 µm; maximum width of lorica 105-225 µm; anterior lorica width 103-156 µm; distance from lateral spine to median spine 33.4-68.8 µm; median sinus gape 12-22 µm; antero-median spine length 20-43 µm; antero-intermediate spine length 9-34 µm; antero-lateral spine length 15-30 µm; maximum width – total length ratio 0.81-0.91; anterior width – maximum width ratio 0.67-0.69; egg size 98 x 87 µm (L x W).

Lorica rather flexible, lightly stippled, oval, not sharply separated into dorsal and ventral plates, but little compressed dorso-ventrally. Anterior dorsal margin with six broad-based saw-toothed spines, nearly equal in length. Pectoral margin rigid, separated into four lobes with distinct variations. Lorica without posterior spines; smooth or lightly stippled. Foot opening with small subsqaure aperture dorsally and longer V-shaped aperture ventrally.


Synonym (s)
Brachionus plicatilis Muller, 1786
Brachionus mulleri Ehrenberg, 1838
Brachionus hepatotomus Gosse, 1851

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine

Biogeography


• Kerala, Veli-Aakulum Lake (Lat: 8.41) (Long: 76.83) INDIA (Record: 02/2000-01/2001)
• Kerala, Veli-Aakulum Lake (Lat: 8.58) (Long: 76.96) INDIA (Record: 02/2000-01/2001)
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast INDIA (Record: 09/1998-08/1999)
• Kerala, Vypin INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2002)
• Kerala, Puthuvypu INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2002)
• Kerala, Narakkal INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2002)
• Kerala, Cherai INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2002)
• Kerala, Eloor INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2002)
• Kerala, Mangalavanam INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2002)
• Kerala, Poothotta INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2002)
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2002)
• Kerala, Veli Lake INDIA (Record: 02/1996-01/1997)
• Kerala, Kadinamkulam Lake INDIA (Record: 02/1996-01/1997)
• Kerala, Ashtamudi Lake INDIA (Record: 02/1996-01/1997)
• Bay of Bengal INDIA (Record: 09/1997-08/1998)
• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.76) INDIA (Record: 09/1997-08/1998)
• Kerala, Kochi Fisheries Harbour INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2002)
• Kerala, Ernakulam, Market canal INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2002)
• Kerala, Fisheries Harbour INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2002)

Literature Source(s)
  • Anitha, PS and George, RM (2006) The taxonomy of Brachionus plicatilis species complex (Rotifera: Monogononta) from the Southern Kerala (India) with a note on their reproductive preferences Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 48(1) 6-13 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Utilization of rotifer Brachionus spp. as a live food organism for hatchery-based seed production National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Available at - http://www.lib.noaa.gov/korea/korean_aquaculture/zooplanktonic.htm
  • Prabhu, VA; Perumal P and Rajkumar M (2005) Diversity of microzooplankton in Parangipettai coastal waters, southeast coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 47(1) 14-19 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Varghese, M; Krishnan, L and Kuttyamma, VJ (2006) Systematic account on rotifers of the genus Brachionus from Cochin Backwaters Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India 48(2) 147-155 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Varghese, M and Krishnan, L (2008) A preliminary study on rotifer fauna of Cochin backwaters, Kerala Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 119-121 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Gopakumar, G and Jayaprakas, V (2003) Community structure and succession of brackishwater rotifers in relation to ecological parameters Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(1) 20-30 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Santhanam, P and Perumal, P (2003) Diversity of zooplankton in Parangipettai coastal waters, southeast coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(2) 144-151 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Varghese, M (2011) Distribution of brachionus species (Phylum Rotifera) in Cochin backwaters, Kerala, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India 53(1) 130-134 Available at - http://www.mbai.org.in/journaldload.php?id=2197&bkid=103
  • Varghese, M (2006) Taxonomic account of rotifers in the study area Studies on the taxonomy, distribution, ecology and reproductive potential of rotifers from selected centres in Cochin backwater system, Kerala Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute 1-343 Available at - http://dyuthi.cusat.ac.in/purl/921
  • Varghese, M (2011) Distribution of Brachionus species (phylum rotifera) in Cochin backwaters, Kerala, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India 53(1) 130-134 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-11-22

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