Acropora hemprichi   (Ehrenberg,  1834) (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Acroporidae

Image copyrights: A. Nithyanandam

Description
Color: Usually yellow or a strong blue

This species can form extensive, monospecific carpets of crowded branches 20-30 cm tall. Branches are distinctively covered with swollen radial corallites which are bead shaped to spherical, up to 3 or 4 mm diameter, each containing a calice 1 mm in diameter. The corallites are arranged in rows on young, thinner branches but are usually irregular on thick branches. In deeper water, tall colonies may be conspicuous, especially when coloured a strong blue or purple. This species forms extensive stands on moderately exposed, shallow reefs, particularly between 3-10 m deep on outer patch reefs, exposed fringing reefs and in open lagoons. It is not uncommon to 20 m deep, though it rarely develops into large patches below 10 m; in deeper water single colonies occur, where they usually grow into taller colonies.



Synonym (s)
Madrepora hemprichi Klunzinger, 1879
Acropora hemprichi Scheer and Pillai, 1983
Acropora rudis (Rheburg) Venkataraman et al., 2003

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Natural threats, Anthropogenic
(Protected under Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Vaan Island (Lat: 8.83) (Long: 78.21) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kariyachalli Island (Lat: 8.95) (Long: 78.23) INDIA
• Red Sea
• MALDIVES
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy (Lat: 8.28) (Long: 73) INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy Atoll INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Edward, JKP; Patterson, J; Venkatesh M; Mathews, G; Chellaram, C and Wilhelmsson D (2004) A field guide to stony corals (Scleractinia) of Tuticorin in Gulf of Mannar, southeast coast of India SDMRI special research publication no. 4 SDMRI, Tuticorin, India 80 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Pillai, CSG (1969) Stony corals of the seas around India Proceedings of the Symposium on corals and coral reefs Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 191-216 Available at - NIO RC, Kochi
  • Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972
  • Venkataraman, K (2005) Coral reef ecosystem and the diversity of reef building corals in India Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 10-24 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Pillai, CSG (1971) The distribution of shallow-water stony corals at Minicoy atoll in the Indian ocean with a check-list of species Atoll Research Bulletin CMFRI 141 1-12 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/6047/1/1.pdf
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • Pillai, CSG (1971) Composition of the coral fauna of the southeastern coast of India and the Laccadives Symposium of the zoological society of London 28 301-327 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/6215/1/601.pdf
  • Pillai, CSG and Jasmine, S (1989) The coral fauna of Lakshadweep Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 179-195 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-04-29

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