Acropora stoddarti   Pillai and Scheer,  1976 (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Acroporidae

Description
Corallum with a narrow base of attachment. Main branches prostrate, coalescent to form a compressed plate with gaps. Underside generally devoid of branchlets but a few submersed and appressed tubular corallites are present. On the upper side branches subdivide. Branchlets tapering at the apex 4-5 cm long 5-6 mm thick. Axial corallites 1.5-2 mm thick, so much exsert, conical, septa 12, primaries large. Radial corallites tubular or half tubular; uniform in size 2.5-3 mm long appressed with a rounded opening. Primary septa well developed. The directives often fusing. On the main branches radials are subimmersed. Surface with fine echinulations.


Synonym (s)
Acropora stoddarti Pillai and Scheer, 1976

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Natural threats
(Members of this genus have a low resistance and low tolerance to bleaching and disease, and are slow to recover)
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(Fisheries, human development (industry, settlement, tourism, and transportation), changes in native species dynamics (competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites), invasive species (competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites), dynamite fishing, chemical fishing, pollution from agriculture and industry, domestic pollution, sedimentation, and human recreation and tourism activities)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Predator:  Acanthaster planci, the crown-of-thorns starfish
IUCN Status:  Data Deficient

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA (Record: 2004)
• MALDIVES (Record: 2004)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 2004)
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai, Valimunai INDIA (Record: 00/09/2004-00/06/2005) (Depth: -(2-10) mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Edward, JKP; Patterson, J; Venkatesh M; Mathews, G; Chellaram, C and Wilhelmsson D (2004) A field guide to stony corals (Scleractinia) of Tuticorin in Gulf of Mannar, southeast coast of India SDMRI special research publication no. 4 SDMRI, Tuticorin, India 80 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Carpenter, KE; Abrar, M; Aeby, G; Aronson, RB; Banks, S et al. (2008) One third of reef building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts Science American Association for the Advancement of Science 321 125-126 Available at - http://sci.odu.edu/gmsa/about/Carpenter_corals_supplimental.pdf
  • Reeffarmers Available at - http://www.reeffarmers.com/
  • Sukumaran, S; George, RM and Kasinathan, C (2008) Community structure and spatial patterns of hard coral biodiversity in Kilakarai group of islands in Gulf of Mannar, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 79-86 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972
  • Raj, KD and Edward, JKP (2009) Observations on the reproduction of Acropora corals along the Tuticorin coast of the Gulf of Mannar,Southeastern India Indian Journal of Marine Sciences NISCAIR 39(2) 219-226 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Corals of the World online Available at - http://coral.aims.gov.au/

Page last updated on:2013-04-22

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