Clupea (Harengula) melanura   Cuvier and Valenciennes  (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 14 cm.

Color: Brownish above, silvery along the sides and on the under surface. Fins hyaline, caudal tipped with black.

Oblong, dorsally and ventrally evenly convex or the dorsal profile somewhat more convex. Height 3-3¾, head 3 2/5 – 4¼, eye 3 - 3½, somewhat longer than snout, distinctly shorter than postorbital part of head. Maxillary reaches under pupil, but not so far as middle of eye, 2¼ – 2 1/3 times in length of head, 3-7 diverging postfrontal striae. Operculum twice as high as broad, suboperculum rhombic, lower posterior angle rounded, hindmargin of praeoperculum scarcely emarginated. Dorsal nearer to caudal than to snout. The distance of its origin to the caudal is 1¼ times its distance from the snout. Length of dorsal less than its height, which is contained 1¾ times in the height of the body. Anal as long as dorsal. Pectorals nearly as long as head without snout. Ventrals below second 1/3 of dorsal. Caudal 5½ – 5 2/3 in the total length. Teeth almost absent, some scarcely visible on the symphysis of the lower jaw, when young teeth on the tongue. Gillrakers about 38. Scales rounded, with vertical stripes, their margin partly irregularly crenulated, 16 praeventral and 11 postventral abdominal scutes.

Synonym (s)
Alausa melanurus Cuvier and Valenciennes 1847
Harengula (Paralosa) Valenciennesi Bleeker 1868
Clupea melanura Gunther 1868
Clupea (Harengula) melanurus Bleeker 1872
Clupea (Alausa) melanura von Martens 1876
Harengula melanura Sauvage 1891
Harengula vanicoris Jordan & Seale 1906

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• INDIA (Record: 1965)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman INDIA (Record: 1965)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1965) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E.J. Brill, Leiden, Holland 2 404 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2009-05-29

Back to Search