Octopus macropus [Status Unaccepted]   Risso,  1826 (Octopus)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Cephalopoda
Order:Octopoda
Family:Octopodidae

Image copyrights: PBase.com

Description
Size: Total length 245 mm; mantle length 60 mm; head length 30 mm; tentacle length 162 mm.

Color: color of the body buff with minute chromatophores on the dorsal side, ventral side pale.

Mantle is short and round. Funnel long reaching above the level of the eyes. Head is short; eyes are less prominent. Dorsal pair of arm long and snout. 12 lamellae present in the outer demibranch of each gill.


Synonym (s)
Octopus bermudensis Hoyle, 1885
(Junior synonym)
Octopus macropus Jothinayagam, 1987
Octopus alderii Verany, 1851
(Junior synonym)
Octopus chromatus Heilprin, 1888
(Junior synonym)
Octopus granosus Blainville, 1826
(Junior synonym)
Octopus longimanus Ferussac, 1839
(Junior synonym)
Octopus macropodus SanGiovanni, 1829
(Junior synonym)
Tremoctopus scalenus Hoyle, 1904
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Atlantic White Spotted Octopus (English)
• White Spotted Octopus (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal
Prey:  Crabs, shrimps, prawns
Predator:  Dolphin (Grampus griseus), bony fish (Epinephelus marginatus)

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Digha INDIA (Record: 01/05/1987)
• West Bengal, Medinipur INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Subba Rao, NV; Dey, A and Barua, S (1992) Estuarine and marine molluscs Fauna of West Bengal Part 9 (State fauna series 3) ZSI, Calcutta 129-268 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • PBase Available at - http://www.pbase.com/
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Silas, EG; Sarvesan, R and Rao, KS (1985) Octopod resources Cephalopod bionomics, fisheries and resources of the exclusive economic zone of India Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 37 137-139 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7028/1/Bulletin_No_37.pdf
  • Dey, M and Mitra, A (2005) Molluscan community around Digha coast, West Bengal, India Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 2(1&2) 43-47 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-16

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