Thryssa baelama   (Forsskal,  1775) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Morphbank

Size: 10-16 cm.

Color: flanks silvery, back blue/green or brown, generally with a dark patch on the shoulder.

Oblong, compressed, dorsal and ventral profile nearly evenly evenly convex. Maxillary obliquely rounded behind, reaching a little farther than the mandibulary joint. Upper surface of head with a median keel and with striae and rows of tubercles, Origin of dorsal, which is behind the origin of ventrals, nearer to snout than to caudal. Height of acute dorsal equalling twice its length, much longer than postorbital part of the head. Upper border of dorsal not emarginate. Origin of anal behind dorsal, its length 3½ to about 4 in length of body. Ventrals about midway between anal and praeoperculum, about half the length of the head. Pectorals about as long as the postorbital part of the head, reaching to the ventrals or nearly so far. Jaws with a row of crowded conspicuous teeth. Small teeth on palatines, pterygoids and tongue, a few stronger on the vomer. 20-22 gillrakers, a little flattened, finely spinulated, double as long as branchial filaments, a little shorter than eye. Scales thin, not readily deciduous, with vertical lines, and a narrow network of lines in the posterior half. Hindborder irregularly indentated. About 15 abdominal scutes between pectorals and anus, feebly keeled and pointed behind, generally also a single keeled scute just behind isthums. Fins hyaline, caudal margined with darker. Poorly developed spine is present in front of dorsal fin. Forms large schools. Also caught using ringnets.

Synonym (s)
Anchovia apiensis evermanni Jordan & Seale, 1906
(Junior synonym)
Clupea baelama Forsskal, 1775
(Senior synonym)
Engraulis baelama (Forsskal, 1775)
(Senior synonym)
Engraulis macrops Kishinouye, 1911
(Junior synonym)
Engraulis nesogallicus Bennett, 1832
Engraulis polynemoides Gunther, 1868
(Junior synonym)
Engraulis samam Montrouzier, 1857
(Junior synonym)
Scutengraulis baelama (Forsskal, 1775)
(Senior synonym)
Thrissa baelama (Forsskal, 1775)
(Senior synonym)
Thrissina aestuaria (non Ogilby, 1911)
(Misapplied name)
Thrissina baelama (Forsskal, 1775)
(Senior synonym)
Thrissocles baelama (Forsskal, 1775)
(Senior synonym)
Thrissocles encrasicholoides (non Bleeker, 1852)
(Misapplied name)
Thryssa encrasicholoides (non Bleeker, 1952)
(Misapplied name)
Engraulis boelama (Forsskal, 1775)
Engraulis brelama (Forsskal, 1775)
Thrissina baelma (Forsskal, 1775)
Thryssa baelema (Forsskal, 1775)
Thryssina baelama (Forsskal, 1775)

Common Name (s)
• Kana Patua
• Dussumier's Thryssa (English)
• Poruva (Tamil)
• Oruttuporuvaa (Tamil)
• Baelama Anchovy (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh and dried salted)

Habitat:  Pelagic, Reef Associated, Estuarine
Predator:  Bony fish (Chirocentrus dorab)


• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• West Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island INDIA (Record: 08/2000-07/2003)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Weber, M; Beaufort, LF (1965) The fishes of the Indo-Australian Archipelago E.J. Brill, Leiden, Holland 2 404 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Morphbank Florida State University, School of Computational Science, Tallahassee, FL 32306-4026 USA Available at -
  • Satapathy, D and Panda, S (2009) Fish atlas of Chilika Chilika Development Authority, Bhubaneswar 74 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at -
  • Rajaram, R; Srinivasan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2004) Ichthyofaunal diversity of great Nicobar Island, Bay of Bengal Journal of Indian fisheries association 31 13-26 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajaram, R and Nedumaran, T (2009) Ichthyofaunal diversity in great Nicobar biosphere reserve, Bay of Bengal Journal of Threatened Taxa Wildlife Information Liaison Development Society 1(3) 166-169 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-10-12

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