Mactra (Mactrinula) plicataria   Linnaeus  (Clam)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Order:Veneroida
Family:Mactridae

Image copyrights: Government of India

Description
Size: length 26-41 mm; width 19.50-28.50 mm; height 9.85-16.15 mm

Shell triangular, inequilateral; umbo small, elevated, anterior side rounded; posterior side angulated, plicately keeled. Lunule lanceolately ovate, sculptured with broad, concentric ribs, white transparent.


Synonym (s)
Mactra plicataria Linnaeus 1767
Mactra (Mactrinula) plicataria Subba Rao 1977

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Digha INDIA (Record: 04/09/1964, 20/12/1965, 19/05/1983, 27/03/1983, 1991)
• West Bengal, Medinipur INDIA (Record: 1992)
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA (Record: 1992)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA (Record: 1992)
• Goa INDIA (Record: 1991, 1992)
• Maharashtra INDIA (Record: 1992)
• Orissa INDIA (Record: 1992)
• Tamil Nadu INDIA (Record: 1992)
• MYANMAR (Record: 1992)
• Orissa, Chandipur INDIA (Record: 07/03/1939, 04/11/1962)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA (Record: 1991)
• Goa, Colva beach INDIA (Record: 1991)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA (Record: 1991)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar INDIA (Record: 1991)
• West Bengal, Sandheads INDIA (Record: 17/05/1885, 17/06/1885, 18/10/1889)
• West Bengal, Digha Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Subba Rao, NV; Dey, A and Barua, S (1992) Estuarine and marine molluscs Fauna of West Bengal Part 9 (State fauna series 3) ZSI, Calcutta 129-268 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Rao, NVS; Rao, KVS and Maitra, S (1991) Marine molluscs State fauna series 1: Fauna of Orissa Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta Part 3 1-175 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dey, M and Mitra, A (2005) Molluscan community around Digha coast, West Bengal, India Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 2(1&2) 43-47 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-15

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