Acaudina molpadioides   (Semper,  1868) (Sea Cucumber)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Echinodermata
Class: Holothuroidea
Order:Molpadiida
Family:Caudinidae

Image copyrights: D.B. James, CMFRI, Kochi, India

Description
Length: 150 mm

Color: Uniformly flesh-colored

Body stout, sausage-shaped. Tentacles 15, digitate with only one pair of lateral digits and without caudal appendage. Podia absent, skin more or less opaque. Spicules when present small and oval bodied, more or less irregular perforated plates doughnut-like with a single perforation.


Synonym (s)
Haplodactyla molpadiodes Semper, 1868
Acaudina molpadiodes Soota, Mukhopadhyay and Samanta, 1983
Aphelodactyla delicata Clark, 1938
Haplodactyla ecalcarea Sluiter, 1901
Haplodactyla molpadioides Semper, 1867
Haplodactyla molpadioides var. sinensis Semper, 1867

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Demersal, Estuarine, Muddy

Biogeography


• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Palk Bay INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• West Bengal, Hugli River Mouth INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 8.5) (Long: 79) INDIA
• Gujarat, Balapur Reef INDIA
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Sastry, DRK (1995) Echinodermata Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 477-478 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • James, DB (2001) Twenty sea cucumbers from seas around India Naga, The ICLARM Quarterly 24(1 & 2) 4-8 Available at - http://www.worldfishcenter.org/Naga/Naga24-1&2/pdf/features.pdf
  • Mukhopadhyaya, SK (1995) Holothuroidea: Echinodermata Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 339-344 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Raut, D; Ganesh, T; Murty, NVSS and Raman, AV (2005) Macrobenthos of Kakinada Bay in the Godavari delta, East coast of India: comparing decadal changes Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Elsevier 62(4) 609-620 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2004.09.029
  • Riaz, A and Skewes, T (2005) Resource assessment of the holothurian populations in the Seychelles Beche-de-mer Information Bulletin 21 19-21 Available at - http://www.spc.int/coastfish/News/BDM/21/BDM21.pdf
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Bouillon, S; Raman, AV; Dauby, P and Dehairs, F (2002) Carbon and Nitrogen stable isotope ratios of subtidal benthic invertebrates in an estuarine mangrove ecosystem (Andhra Pradesh, India) Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. Elsevier 54 901–913 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/ecss.2001.0864
  • Gopalakrishnan, P (1970) Some observations on the shore ecology of the Okha Coast Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Cochin, India 120(1&2) 15-34 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • James, DB (1983) Research on Indian echinoderms-A review Journal of Marine Biological association of India The Marine Biological Association of India. 25(1&2) 91-108 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1294/1/James_91-108.pdf
  • Sastry, DRK (2007) Echinodermata of India : An annotated list Records of Zoological Survey of India Occassional paper No. 271 ZSI, Kolkata 1-387 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/Echinodermata_India_Checklist.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-04-28

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