Marphysa stragulum   (Grube,  1878) (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Order:Eunicida
Family:Eunicidae

Description
Size: 20-90 mm. by 2-4 mm.

Body slender, elongated. Prostomium broad, rounded, undivided. Tentacles slightly longer than the head. The gills, which begin about the 12th-13th foot, are very larger, with numerous filaments, covering the back entirely, but present only on 12-20 segments. Dorsal setae simple, capillary. Ventral setae compound, with a long knife-like terminal piece. In the posterior feet falcigerous setae. Acicular setae pale, unidentate.


Synonym (s)
Eunice stragulum Grube, 1878
Marphysa stragulum Hartman, 1959
Marphysa stragulum Mohammad, 1973
Marphysa stragulum Crossland, 1903

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine

Biogeography


• Kerala, Kochi INDIA (Record: 1994, 1995)
• Gujarat, Jakhau-Babber Creek (Lat: 23.5) (Long: 68.6) INDIA (Record: 1999-2000)
• Gujarat, Sangi-Kharo Creek (Lat: 23.28) (Long: 68.51) INDIA (Record: 1999-2000)
• Gujarat, Medi-Sinthodi Creek (Lat: 23.45) (Long: 68.48) INDIA (Record: 1999-2000)
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Wehe, T and Fiege, D (2002) Annotated checklist of the polychaete species of the seas surrounding the Arabian Peninsula: Red Sea, Gulf of Aden, Arabian Sea, Gulf of Oman, Arabian Gulf Fauna of Arabia 19 7-238 Available at - http://www.senckenberg.de/files/content/forschung/abteilung/aquazool/mev2/wehe_&_fiege.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Kumar, RS (2001) Biodiversity and affinity of polychaetous annelids within the mangrove ecosystem of Indo-Pacific region Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 43(1&2) 206-213 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Saravanakumar, A; Serebiah, JS; Thivakaran, GA and Rajkumar, M (2007) Benthic macrofaunal assemblage in the arid zone mangroves of Gulf of Kachchh – Gujarat Journal of Ocean University of China Ocean University of China 6(3) 303 -309 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11802-007-0303-3
  • Fauvel, P (1953) The fauna of India including Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma and Malaya: Annelida, Polychaeta The Indian press ltd., Allahabad 507 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-03-21

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