Charadrius dubius   Scopoli,  1786 (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Aves
Order:Charadriiformes
Family:Charadriidae

Image copyrights: Pbase

Description
Size: Length 18-20 cm.

Color: Sandy brown above, white below. White forehead, black forecrown, ear-coverts and round the eyes. A complete black band round neck separates the white hindneck collar from back. Absence of white wings-bar distinguishes it in flight from the very similar Kentish Plover (C. alexandrinus). non-breeding plain brown above, on crown and patches at sides of chest narrowly joined at centre of breast, brownish throat patch; below white; fore and hind neck, throat and forehead white. Breeding has relatively wide black line through eye and over forehead and black band on chest; white line between frontal band and brown of crown. Immature like non-breeding adult but breast band broken and head brownish. Bare parts: iris brown; bill black with yellowish green at base of lower mandible; eyering bright yellow in breeding adult, duller but present in non-breeding adult and immature; feet and legs dull flesh, olive, or yellow green.

Voice: Call- Whistling phiu.

A typical little plover with thick head, bare yellow legs, and short pigeon-like bill.

Habits: Essentially a bird of mudflats, shingle banks and sandspits by rivers, estuaries and tanks. Scattered parties run about in short spurts with a swift mincing gait, stopping abruptly now and again to pick up some tit-bit in the characteristic plover manner. Coloration remarkably obliterative, birds ofen completely invisible till betrayed by movement. Though scattered when feeding, the party flies off together on alarm uttering a short plaintive whisting phiu, twisting and wheeling in the air in unison.

Sexes alike.

Nesting: Season- March to May. Eggs- 4, buffish stone to greenish greenish grey with hieroglyphic scrawls and spots of dark brown, and phantom purple markings. Of the typical 'peg-top' shape of all plovers' eggs, broad at one end abruptly pointed at the other. Laid on bare shingle on sandbanks where they harmonize perfectly with their surroundings.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Littel Ringed Plover (English)
• Zirrea (Hindi)
• Merwa (Hindi)
• Motira kozhi, Attumanal kozhi, Kantavali nani dhongili (Malayalam)
• Bytu ulanka, Rewa (Telugu)
• Mani mandai ullan, Chinna kottan (Tamil)
• Katheri chilkha (Marathi)
• Vilayati jini titodi (Gujrati)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(This species is threatened primarily by the degradation and loss of its preferred habitats. Many of the species' breeding sites are also disturbed by human recreational activities.)
Threats:  Natural threats
(The species may also be susceptible to outbreaks of avian botulism.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Sandy, Muddy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Insects, sand-hoppers, tiny crabs, etc.
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• INDIA
• BANGLADESH
• PAKISTAN
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Mangalore, Nethravathi INDIA
• Mangalore, Pavoor INDIA
• Mangalore, Someshwar INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 75.96) INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.66) (Long: 76.18) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.66) (Long: 76.55) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 76.31) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Orissa, Dhamra Port INDIA
• West Bengal, Bangaon, Ichhamati River INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Point Calimere (Lat: 10.3) (Long: 79.85) INDIA
• Haryana, Kurukshetra INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary INDIA
• Kerela, Kuttanad wetlands INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Karnataka, Anekere wetland INDIA
• Delhi, Okhla barrage bird sanctuary INDIA
• Gujarat, Bet Dwarka INDIA
• Gujarat, Mahi River estuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Muthupet Mangroves (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 79.58) INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
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Page last updated on:2013-01-29

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