Bowerbankia gracilis   Leidy,  1855 (Bryozoan)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gymnolaemata

Image copyrights: Faasse, M.A. & H. De Blauwe

Size (Zooecium): Length 1160 µ; breadth 220 µ.

Zoaria repent, form irregular tangled masses of stolons and zooecia. Branching irregular. Zooecia long, tubular, slightly tapering both proximally and distally, arise directly from the creeping stolon. Distal extremity squarish. Tentacles ten in number. Gizzard present. Zooecia may be provided with caudate ends. Zooecia always occur singly or in pairs. Stolon brownish in color with internodes of varying length. Internodes separated by diaphragm.

Synonym (s)
Bowerbankia gracilis Leidy, 1855
Bowerbankia gracilis Mawatari, 1952
Bowerbankia gracilis Osburn, 1954
Bowerbankia gracilis Menon and Nair, 1967
Bowerbankia gracilis Menon and Nair, 1972

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine, Rocky


• Kerala, Off Kochi INDIA (Record: 14/12/1963) (Depth: 18 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary INDIA
• Southwest Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Menon, NR and Menon, NN (2006) Taxonomy of Bryozoa from the Indian EEZ. A monograph Ocean Science and Technology Cell on Marine Benthos, Kochi and Centre for Marine Living resources and Ecology, Kochi 263 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Bryozoa (sea mats/moss animals) native to the Netherlands Marine and estuarine invertebrates of the Netherlands Available at -
  • Nair, PSR (1991) Occurrence of bryozoa in Vellar estuarine region,south east coast of India Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources 20 277-279 Available at - NIO Goa
  • Sealifebase Available at -
  • Santhakumari, V (1973) A brief account of the commensals, associates and predators of the marine wood boring animals Mahasagar NIO, Goa 6(3&4) 178-181 Available at -
  • Menon, NR and Nair, NB (1967) The ectoproctous bryozoans of the Indian waters Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 9(2) 430-432 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-06-01

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