Solen kempi   Preston,  1915 (Clam)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Order:[unassigned] Euheterodonta
Family:Solenidae

Image copyrights: Government of India

Description
Size: Length 31.10-63.38 mm; height 6.95-9.92 mm; thickness 4.50-5.80 mm

Shell linear, narrow, posterior part narrower than anterior; posterodorsal margin angular. The shell is small, periostracum yellowish brown and glossy; anterior region obliquely truncate, posterior region rounded. Cardinal tooth in right valve with a shallow groove throughout its breadth; dorsal margin of soft body slightly concave in the anterior region and convex in the posterior region; siphon long and segmented; foot long, flattened and about half the length of body.


Synonym (s)
Solen kempi Annandale and Kemp, 1916
Solen kempi Ghosh, 1920
Solen kempi Gravely, 1941

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Edible; the meat is used as bait in hook and line fishery)

Ecology
Habitat:  Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Orissa, Satpara INDIA (Record: 1913)
• Orissa, Chandipur INDIA (Record: 03/11/1962-04/11/1962)
• Orissa, Kasafal INDIA (Record: 23/01/1972)
• West Bengal, Sagar Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Maharashtra, Ratnagiri INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Ennur Lake INDIA
• Orissa, Patsahanipur INDIA (Record: 1913)
• Tamil Nadu, Ennore INDIA
• Maharashtra Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rao, NVS; Rao, KVS and Manna, RN (1995) Mollusca Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilka lake ZSI, Calcutta 391-468 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Rao, NVS; Rao, KVS and Maitra, S (1991) Marine molluscs State fauna series 1: Fauna of Orissa Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta Part 3 1-175 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Appukuttan, KK (1996) Marine molluscs and their conservation Marine Biodiversity Conservation And Management CMFRI, Cochin 66-79 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/4097/1/Article_6.pdf
  • Alagarswami, K and Narasimham, KA (1973) Clam, cockle and oyster resources of the indian coasts Living resources of the seas around India CMFRI, Cochin 648-658 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2760/1/Article_49.pdf
  • Nayar, KN and Mahadevan, S (1974) Edible Bivalves; Clams and others The commercial molluscs of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 25 40-53 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/643/1/Nagappan_and_Mahadeven1.pdf
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/570/1/Bulletin_9.pdf
  • Jones, S (1969) The molluscan fishery resources of India Proceedings of the Symposium on Mollusca CMFRI 906-918 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2371/1/Article_26.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-05-04

Back to Search