Smittina protecta   (Thornely,  1905) (Bryozoan)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gymnolaemata

Zooecia in regular longitudinal lines, elongate, distinct, slightly convex, with many minute tubercles. Marginal pores and areolae small. Spines typically 2. Peristomes raised proximally as a definite lower lip. Some avicularia immensely enlarged, spatulate, covering the entire zooecium or most of it; the mandible sometimes with 3-4 distal spikes. Small avicularia lateral oral, often rare. Similar avicularia, occasionally numerous, sometimes developed from the marginal areolae. Ovicells large, globose, the ectooecium extensive; its inner edge raised, projecting as a thin semi-circular ridge.

Synonym (s)
Smittia trispinosa var. protecta Thronely, 1905
Smittia trispinosa var. spatulata Thornely, 1906
Smittia trispinosa var. protecta Waters, 1909
Smittina trispinosa var. protecta Waters (pars), 1913
Smittina trispinosa var. protecta Hastings (pars), 1927
Smittina protecta Harmer, 1957

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA (Record: 1909)

Literature Source(s)
  • Menon, NR and Menon, NN (2006) Taxonomy of Bryozoa from the Indian EEZ. A monograph Ocean Science and Technology Cell on Marine Benthos, Kochi and Centre for Marine Living resources and Ecology, Kochi 263 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -

Page last updated on:2010-10-05

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