Parasmittina elongata   (Okada & Mawatari,  1936) (Bryozoan)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gymnolaemata

Size (Zooecium): Length 300 µ; breadth 245 µ.

Zoarium encrusting. Whitish in hue. Flat zooecia arranged in longitudinal rows alternately. Front with numerous small tubercles. Moderately sized marginal areolae. Thin peristome nearly circular and tubular, with six spines or spine bases. Sunk primary orifice. A descending sinus. Lyrula absent. Unilateral avicularia narrow and long, raised from the frontal surface, proximo-lateral to the peristome, directing proximally. No spatulate avicularia. Operculum semi-circular with a tongue prolonging into the sinus. The avicularian mandible narrow and long slightly rounded at the tip.

Synonym (s)
Smittina elongata Okada and Mawatari, 1936
Parasmittina elongata Menon and Nair, 1967
Parasmittina elongata Menon and Nair, 1972

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 28/12/1964)

Literature Source(s)
  • Menon, NR and Menon, NN (2006) Taxonomy of Bryozoa from the Indian EEZ. A monograph Ocean Science and Technology Cell on Marine Benthos, Kochi and Centre for Marine Living resources and Ecology, Kochi 263 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Menon, NR and Nair, NB (1967) The ectoproctous bryozoans of the Indian waters Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 9(2) 430-432 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-06-01

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