Parasmittina tubula   (Kirkpatrick,  1888) (Bryozoan)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gymnolaemata

Size (Zooecium): Length 390 µ; breadth 130-190 µ.

Zoarium encrusting. Small zooecia separated by vague calcareous lines. Marginal pores very small. Front coarse and highly tuberculated. A highly raised peristome, proximally with a sinus. Spines present – two to three in number on the distal region of the peristome. A broad lyrule present. Unilateral avicularia, with triangular or rounded tip directing proximally. Ovicell not noticed.

Synonym (s)
Smittia tubula Kirkpatrick, 1888
Smittia tubula Thornely, 1905
Smittina tubula Harmer, 1957
Parasmittina tubula Menon and Nair, 1967
Parasmittina tubula Menon and Nair, 1972

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 1905)
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA (Record: 23/09/1965)

Literature Source(s)
  • Menon, NR and Menon, NN (2006) Taxonomy of Bryozoa from the Indian EEZ. A monograph Ocean Science and Technology Cell on Marine Benthos, Kochi and Centre for Marine Living resources and Ecology, Kochi 263 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Menon, NR and Nair, NB (1967) The ectoproctous bryozoans of the Indian waters Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 9(2) 430-432 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-06-01

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