Ixobrychus sinensis   (Gmelin,  1789) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Aves
Order:Ciconiiformes
Family:Ardeidae

Image copyrights: Pbase

Description
Size: length c. 38 cm.

Color: Male(adult)- Above, crown and bushy crest black; sides of head vinous-pink. Back chiefly light brown or yellowish brown. Rump dark ashy; tail slaty black. Wing quills blackish. Below, chin, throat, and foreneck pale yellowish; upper breast blackish with buff streaks; rest of underparts pale yellowish buff. Female- More or less similar except for a buff mesial line down the throat and foreneck sometimes obsolescent. Young (immature)- Above, rufous-brown with broad buff fringes to the feathers (scalloping). Below, more heavily streaked; buff mesial line down centre of foreneck more pronounced.

Habits: Largely crepuscular and nocturnal, but quite active in daytime in cloudy, overcast weather.

Breeding: Season, between June and September, as soon as the monsoon has properly set in , filling the depression and swamps. Nest- a pad of reed flags etc. placed on bent-down reeds in a swamp, or in shrubbery on the edge of a pond, from a few centimeters to a meter or so above the water or mud. Eggs- 4 to 6, fine-textured but glossless, pale skim-milk blue or green-blue.

Synonym (s)
Ardea sinensis (Gmelin 1789)

Common Name (s)
• Yellow Bittern (English)
• Jun bagla, (Hindi)
• Kat bak (Bengali)
• Pili pan bagli (Gujrati)
• Pivla tapas (Marathi)
• Manal naarai (Tamil)
• Pasupu wakha (Telugu)
• Manja kokku (Malayalam)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Fish, frogs, molluscs, insects, etc.
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Goa, Arpora INDIA (Record: 20/12/1995)
• Goa, Baga INDIA (Record: 20/12/1995)
• Goa, Cumbarjua canal INDIA
• Goa, Agarwaddo marshes INDIA
• Goa, Candolim INDIA
• Goa, Carambolim INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 75.96) INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.66) (Long: 76.18) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.66) (Long: 76.55) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 76.31) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Maharashtra, Satara district INDIA
• Delhi, Okhla barrage bird sanctuary INDIA
• Kerela, Kuttanad wetlands INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai, Pallikaranai Wetlands INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at - http://www.itis.gov.
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Lainer, H (2004) Birds of Goa : A reference book The Goa Foundation, Goa 244 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • PBase Available at - http://www.pbase.com/
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Devia, CRA; Jyothibabu, R; Sabua, P; Jacoba, J; Habeebrehmana, H; Prabhakarana, MP; Jayalakshmia, KJ and Achuthankutty, CT (2010) Seasonal variations and trophic ecology of microzooplankton in the southeastern Arabian Sea Continental Shelf Research Elsevier B.V. 30(9) 1070-1084 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2010.02.007
  • Das, AK and Roy, MKD (1989) A general account of the mangrove fauna of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fauna of conservation areas Zoological survey of India 1-152 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Srinivasulu, C (2004) Birds of kawal wildlife sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh , India Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 101(1) 3-25 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%203%20(1).pdf
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%206%20(1).pdf
  • Kumar A, sati JP and Tak CK (2003) Checklist of Indian Waterbids Buceros Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetlands 8(1) 30pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%208%20(1).pdf
  • Ali S and Ripley SD (1968) Handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan Oxford university press 1 1-368pp Available at - NIO
  • Pawar SM, Ganeshwade RM and Sonawane SR (2010) Avian fauna along three water reservoir from Satara district (Maharashtra), India The Bioscan 5(4) 609-612pp Available at - http://thebioscan.in/Journals_PDF/5419-%20S.%20M.%20PAWAR.pdf
  • Urfi AJ (2003) The birds of Okhla barrage bird sanctuary, Delhi, India Forktail 19 39-50pp Available at - http://www.orientalbirdclub.org/publications/forktail/19pdfs/Urfi-Okhla.pdf
  • Narayanan SP, Thomas AP and Sreekumar B (2011) Ornithofauna and its conservation in the Kuttanad wetlands, southern portion of Vembanad-Kole Ramsar site, India Journal of Threatened Taxa 3(4) 1663–1676 Available at - http://threatenedtaxa.org/ZooPrintJournal/2011/April/o187026iv111663-1676.pdf
  • Rao VV, Anjaneyulu M, Nagulu V, Srinivasulu C and Satyanarayana D (2004) Water fowl Status at Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh EPTRI - ENVIS Newsletter 10(4) 7-12pp Available at - http://envis-eptri.ap.nic.in/images/Vol.10,%20No.4,%202004.pdf
  • Nikhil Raj PP, Ranjini J, Dhanya R, Subramanian J, Azeez PA and Bhupathy S (2010) Consolidated checklist of birds in the Pallikaranai Wetlands, Chennai, India Journal of Threatened Taxa 2(8) 1114-1118pp Available at - http://threatenedtaxa.org/ZooPrintJournal/2010/July/o222026vii101114-1118.pdf
  • Sivaperuman C and Jayson EA (2000) Birds of Kol wetland, Thrissur, Kerala Zoo's print journal 15(10) 344-349pp Available at - http://www.zoosprint.org/ZooPrintJournal/2000/October/344-349.pdf
  • Pande S, Sant N, Ranade S, Pednekar S, Mestry P, Deshpande P, Kharat S and Deshmukh V (2007) Avifaunal survey of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, January 2007 Indian Birds 3 (5) 162–180pp Available at - http://www.indianbirds.in/pdfs/Avifaunal%20survey%20of%20Andaman%20and%20Nicobar%20Islands,%20January%202007.pdf
  • Gopi GV and Pandav B (2007) Avifauna of Bhitarkanika Mangroves, India Zoo's print journal 22(10) 2839-2847pp Available at - http://www.zoosprint.org/ZooPrintJournal/2007/October/2839-2847.pdf

Page last updated on:2012-08-03

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