Bugula cucullata   Busk,  1867 (Bryozoan)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gymnolaemata

Image copyrights: Phil Bock

Size (Zooecium): Length 470 µ; breadth 130 µ.

Zoarium consists of horizontal and vertical stolons with branches bearing biserial zooids which arise at regular intervals from the vertical stolons with branching of type 3. Rootlets arise from the horizontal stolons, facilitating attachment to the substratum. Rootlets long, unbranched and opaque with slightly expanded tips. The front is occupied by an opesia equally extensive as a frontal membrane. Gymnocyst present proximally and evanescent. Cryptocyst vestigial. Three distinct jointed spines present distally with 2:1 arrangement. Of the outer two, the more internal one longer than the other. The other two spines very short. Avicularium placed proximally on a rounded tubercle on the lateral side of the zooecium. Rostrum downwardly hooked at the tip. Mandible with a median bar. Cucullate ovicells placed distally, slightly turned towards the median axis of the branches. Developing embryo yellow in color.

Synonym (s)
Bugula cucullata Busk, 1867
Bugula cucullata Maplestone, 1882
Bugula cucullata Mac Gillivray, 1883
Bugula cucullata Harmer, 1926
Bugula cucullata Menon and Nair, 1967
Bugula cucullata Menon and Nair, 1974

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Kerala, Mattancherry Channel INDIA (Record: 02/1964 -05/1964, 02/1965 - 05/1965, 02/1966 - 05/1966)
• Kerala, Off Kochi INDIA (Record: 14/12/1963) (Depth: -18 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Menon, NR and Menon, NN (2006) Taxonomy of Bryozoa from the Indian EEZ. A monograph Ocean Science and Technology Cell on Marine Benthos, Kochi and Centre for Marine Living resources and Ecology, Kochi 263 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Recent and fossil bryozoa Available at - http://www.bryozoa.net/
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org

Page last updated on:2010-09-29

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