Zebrias synapturoides   (Jenkins,  1910) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Pleuronectiformes
Family:Soleidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J. E.

Description
Size: 10-15 cm.

Color: Greyish, with 12 or 13 darker crossbars, broader than the interspaces, continued in an obliquely caudal direction on dorsal and anal fins; posterior part of caudal fin with a circular area of dark brown, marginated with yellowish-white, and with a number of yellowish white spots and blotches in the centre.

Body elongate and flat. Eyes on right side, nearly contiguous, their diameter a little longer than snout, without tentacle; mouth small, curved, cleft reaching to below middle of eye. Posterior rays of dorsal and anal fins joined only to basal half of caudal fin, which is quite distinct and rounded; pectoral fins well developed, asymmetrical; pelvic fins short, asymmetrical. Scales on both sides of body ctenoid, 61- 71 in longitudinal series.


Synonym (s)
Synaptura synapturoides Jerkins, 1910
Solea synapturoides Jenkins, 1910
(Senior synonym)
Zebrias quagga (non Kaup, 1858)
(Misapplied name)
Zebrias synapturoides (Jenkins, 1910)
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Zebra Sole (English)
• Jenkin's Sole (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries)

Ecology
Habitat:  Demersal

Biogeography


• INDIA
• Maharashtra, Jaigad INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Orissa, Ganjam INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Singh, DF and Yazdani, GM (1993) Ichthyofauna of Konkan region of Maharashtra (India) Records of the Zoological Survey of India. Occasional paper no 145 ZSI, Calcutta 46 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Bijukumar, A (1996) Nematode parasites associated with the flatfishes (order: pleuronectiformes) of the Kerala coast Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 38(1&2) 34-39 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 4 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Sujatha, K (1995) Finfish constituents of trawl by-catch off Visakhapatnam Fishery Technology Society of Fisheries Technologists 32(1) 56-60 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-05

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