Scrupocellaria spatulata   D'Orbigny  1851 (Bryozoan)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Bryozoa
Class: Gymnolaemata
Order:Cheilostomatida
Family:Candidae

Description
Size (Zooecium): Length 320-380 µ; breadth 115-145 µ

Zoarium robust, attached to the substratum by radicles. Zooecia long with tubular proximal region, and expanded distal portion. Opesia oval, occupy the distal half. A slight non-serrated cryptocyst. Scuta small, rounded, arise from the median portion of the opesia, cover only the central part of the opesia. Jointed spines, typically five, three long external and two comparatively shorter internal ones, may be even seven, when two additional spines occupy the position in between the external and internal sets. No frontal avicularia. Marginal avicularia small, placed a little below the distal lateral angle. Vibraculum moderate, not seen from the ventral side, vibracular groove extend beyond the vibracular chamber. The radicular chamber small, and the place of origin of the radical rounded. The joints do not traverse the opesia of the outer zooecia. Single axial vibracula. Radicles with backwardly directed spinules at the tip. No ovicells noticed.


Synonym (s)
Cellularia spatulata D'Orbigny, 1851
Scrupocellaria cervicornis Kirkpatrick, 1890
Scrupocellaria pilosa Waters, 1912
Scrupocellaria pilosa Robertson, 1921
Scrupocellaria spatulata Harmer, 1926
Scrupocellaria spatulata Menon and Nair, 1967
Scrupocellaria spatulata Menon and Nair, 1972

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA (Record: 23/09/1965)
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Menon, NR and Menon, NN (2006) Taxonomy of Bryozoa from the Indian EEZ. A monograph Ocean Science and Technology Cell on Marine Benthos, Kochi and Centre for Marine Living resources and Ecology, Kochi 263 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Menon, NR and Nair, NB (1967) The ectoproctous bryozoans of the Indian waters Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 9(2) 430-432 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-06-01

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