Ciconia boyciana   Swinhoe,  1873 (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyright: pbase

Size: 110-150cm

Adult: Sexes alike. Distinguished from White Stork by its large size; thick and long (slightly upturned towards tip) and blackish bill; and red lores. Breeding: Iris blue; legs orange. Non-breeding: Iris yellow and legs reddish-orange. Juvenile: Like adult but greater coverts browner and bill and legs duller.

Habits: Usually occur singly, shy, wades in shallow water.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Oriental White Stork (English)
• Oriental Stork (English)
• Japanese White Stork (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(Deforestation and drainage of wetlands for agricultural development are the main causes of decline in its breeding grounds.)

Habitat:  Estuarine, Muddy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Fish
IUCN Status:  Endangered


• Assam, Kaziranga National Park INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at -
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at -
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at -
  • Kumar A, sati JP and Tak CK (2003) Checklist of Indian Waterbids Buceros Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetlands 8(1) 30pp Available at -
  • PBase Available at -

Page last updated on:2013-03-07

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