Ketupa zeylonensis   (Gmelin,  1788) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyright: pbase

Size: 48-57cm, 1100-2500g

Color: A large dull brown "eared" (feather tufts above head) owl, has a prominent large white patch on throat and foreneck, golden yellow eyes and unfeathered legs. Upper parts heavily streaked with black; underparts whitish, with fine wavy-brown crossbars and bold blackish vertical streaks.

Voice: Deep whoo-hoo; cat-like mewing

Breeding: November-March. 1-2 eggs, nest often in old stick nest of other birds also rocky ledges or clefts in banks. Incubation up to 38 days, young fledge after about 7 weeks

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Brown Fish Owl (English)
• Brown Fish-Owl (English)
• Amrai ka ghughu, Macchera ullu (Hindi)
• Ooman (Malayalam)
• Chepala gudla guba (Telugu)
• Periya aandai, Umatan aandai (Tamil)
• Macchmar ghubad (Marathi)
• Machhimar ghuvad, Matsya ghuvad (Gujarati)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Fish, frogs and crabs also mammals, birds and reptiles and occasionally carrion
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Delhi, Okhla barrage bird sanctuary INDIA
• Kerala, Kuttanad wetlands INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at -
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at -
  • Kumar A, sati JP and Tak CK (2003) Checklist of Indian Waterbids Buceros Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetlands 8(1) 30pp Available at -
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at -
  • Urfi AJ (2003) The birds of Okhla barrage bird sanctuary, Delhi, India Forktail 19 39-50pp Available at -
  • Narayanan SP, Thomas AP and Sreekumar B (2011) Ornithofauna and its conservation in the Kuttanad wetlands, southern portion of Vembanad-Kole Ramsar site, India Journal of Threatened Taxa 3(4) 1663–1676 Available at -
  • Rao VV, Anjaneyulu M, Nagulu V, Srinivasulu C and Satyanarayana D (2004) Water fowl Status at Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh EPTRI - ENVIS Newsletter 10(4) 7-12pp Available at -,%20No.4,%202004.pdf
  • Gopi GV and Pandav B (2007) Avifauna of Bhitarkanika Mangroves, India Zoo's print journal 22(10) 2839-2847pp Available at -

Page last updated on:2012-09-10

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