Scrupocellaria maderensis   Busk,  1860 (Bryozoan)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gymnolaemata

Size (Zooecium): Length 510 µ; breadth 120 µ.

Zoarium erect and profusely branched. The sides of the branches uneven because of the projecting marginal avicularia. The aperture occupies the distal half of the zooecium it being completely covered by a frontal membrane. Opesia smaller than the aperture because of the development of a cryptocyst. A scutum, arising from a lateral distal projection nearly fills the opesia leaving a slit-like space proximally. Scutum large with a nearly rounded distal margin and a small projection articulating at a region opposite to the point of attachment. Operculum not distinguishable clearly, semi-circular, the proximal region with a thin bar. Gymnocyst well developed proximally, extends laterally. Cryptocyst extensive proximally, not granulated. Triangular marginal avicularia placed distally. Rostrum aquiline. Frontal avicularia present in zooecia with ovicells. Vibraculum placed proximally on the basal side. Only the seta could be seen in the frontal view, rostrum slightly slanting with the seta moderately long. Ovicells present, a little tilted to the side, with a large fenestra proximally. Branching typical of the genus with the joint traversing the proximal region of the opesia of the outer zooids.

Synonym (s)
Scrupocellaria maderensis Busk, 1860
Scrupocellaria maderensis Busk, 1884
Scrupocellaria scrupea Thornely, 1905
Scrupocellaria mecandrei Norman, 1909
Scrupocellaria mecandrei Waters, 1913
Scrupocellaria maderensis Harmer, 1926
Scrupocellaria maderensis Hasenbank, 1932
Scrupocellaria maderensis Silen, 1942
Scrupocellaria maderensis Mawatari, 1952
Scrupocellaria maderensis Menon and Nair, 1967
Scrupocellaria maderensis Menon and Nair, 1972

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Kerala, Off Kochi INDIA (Record: 24/02/1964) (Depth: 18 mts)

Literature Source(s)
  • Menon, NR and Menon, NN (2006) Taxonomy of Bryozoa from the Indian EEZ. A monograph Ocean Science and Technology Cell on Marine Benthos, Kochi and Centre for Marine Living resources and Ecology, Kochi 263 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Menon, NR and Nair, NB (1967) The ectoproctous bryozoans of the Indian waters Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 9(2) 430-432 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-06-01

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