Macrobrachium malcolmsonii   (H. Milne Edwards,  1844) (Shrimp)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Palaemonidae

Image copyrights: FAO

Description
Max. size: Male 230 mm TL, female 200 mm TL.

Color: Body and anterior two pairs of pereopods (chelipeds) dark grey, paler ventrally; antennae and inner flagella of antennules grey; outer flagella brownish.

Rostrum with 10-13 dorsal teeth (2 or 3 orbital) and 4-7 ventral teeth, reaching to about end of antennal scale, its tip slightly upcurved; upper margin with a toothed highly convex proximal part and a short upturned distal part carrying one or two teeth near the apex. Rostrum longer, equal to or slightly surpassing antennal scale; inner and outer margins of antennal scale subparallel. Chela of first pereopods with fingers shorter than palm; chela of second peropods with carpus shorter than palm. Telson gradually tapering to a sharp point, without posterior margin, tip of telson overreaching posterolateral spines. In adult males, carapace with spinules anteriorly; second air of pereopods with a very short pubescence which is especially distinct on the movable finger (except at its tip). The large chelipeds are subequal in length.


Synonym (s)
Palaemon malcolmsonii H. Milne Edwards, 1844
Palaemon malcolmsonii Henderson & Mathai, 1910
Macrobrachium malcolmsonii Holthuis, 1950

Common Name (s)
• Monsoon River Prawn (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or frozen. )

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine

Biogeography


• Orissa, Rambha Bay INDIA (Record: 12/12/1985)
• Orissa, Barakul INDIA (Record: 13/09/1987)
• INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• West Bengal, Hugli Matla Estuary INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA (Record: 2001-2007)

Literature Source(s)
  • Reddy, KN (1995) Crustacea: Decapoda Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 367-389 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Holthuis, LB (1980) FAO species catalogue. Vol. 1 Shrimps and prawns of the world. An annotated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries FAO Fisheries Synopsis - S125Vol.01 FAO, Rome 1 1-271 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ac477e/ac477e00.htm
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 5 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM
  • Gopalakrishnan, V (1971) The biology of the Hooghly-Matlah estuarine system (West Bengal, India) with special reference to its fisheries Journal of marine biological association of india Marine biological association of india 13(2) 182-194 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Dineshbabu, AP; Durgekar, RN and Zacharia, PU (2011) Estuarine and marine decapods of Karnataka inventory Fishing Chimes Mr.J.V.H. Dixitulu 30 (10-11) 20-24 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7950/1/Dineshbabu-Fishing_Chimes_30(10%2611).pdf
  • George, MJ (1969) Taxonomic considerations and General distribution Prawn fisheries of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 14 5-48 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/590/1/Bulletin_14.pdf
  • George, MJ (1969) Genus Macrobrachium Bate 1868 Prawn fisheries of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 14 179-215 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/590/1/Bulletin_14.pdf
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-12-15

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