Electra pilosa   (Linnaeus,  1767) (Bryozoan)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gymnolaemata

Image copyrights: Picton, B.E. & Morrow, C.C.

Size (Zooecium): Length 490 µ; breadth 250 µ.

Zooecia pear-shaped. Opesia oval. Spines present, spine number varies from 3 to 7, elongated, arranged along the proximal and proximo-lateral portions of the extensive gymnocyst, over arching the opesia. Operculum membraniporine. Avicularia and ovicells absent.

Hermaphroditic. Reproduction may be sexual and asexual; bryozoan colonies consist of replicated series of zooids, each budded asexually from a predecessor. The founding zooid metamorphoses from the sexually produced larva.

They are subject to competition and overgrowth from sponges, algae, and tunicates.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Small microorganisms, including diatoms and other unicellualr algae
Predator:  Grazing organisms such as sea urchins and fish


• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam (Lat: 9.4) (Long: 79.5) INDIA (Record: 23/09/1965)

Literature Source(s)
  • Menon, NR and Menon, NN (2006) Taxonomy of Bryozoa from the Indian EEZ. A monograph Ocean Science and Technology Cell on Marine Benthos, Kochi and Centre for Marine Living resources and Ecology, Kochi 263 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Encyclopedia of Marine Life of Britain and Ireland Available at - http://www.habitas.org.uk/marinelife/index.html

Page last updated on:2010-09-30

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