Electra bengalensis   (Stoliczka,  1869) (Bryozoan)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gymnolaemata

Size (Zooecium): Length 630 µ; breadth 295 µ.

Encrusting, colonies white in color and may grow to large dimensions. Zooecia delicate, rectangular with adjacent rows arranged in alternate fashion and separated by distinct grooves. The distal end of the preceding zooecium slightly over arch the proximal end of the succeeding one. Gymnocyst moderately developed proximally. Opesia elongate with a very vestigial proximal cryptocyst. Three spines present at the distal end, one above the median line of the operculum the other two lateral. Six to eight pairs of basally jointed rarely branching slender spines over arch the frontal membrane. Operculum large and quite distinct from the frontal membrane, chitinized at the border. A pair of long forked (once, twice or thrice) spines ornament the operculum.

Synonym (s)
Membranipora bengalensis Stoliczka, 1869
Membranipora bengalensis Thornely, 1907
Electra anomala Osburn, 1950
Electra bengalensis Menon and Nair, 1967
Electra bengalensis Menon and Nair, 1975

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats



• Kerala, Kochi INDIA (Record: 1964, 1965, 1966)
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam Harbour INDIA (Record: 1999)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai (Lat: 18.9) (Long: 72.66) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Menon, NR and Menon, NN (2006) Taxonomy of Bryozoa from the Indian EEZ. A monograph Ocean Science and Technology Cell on Marine Benthos, Kochi and Centre for Marine Living resources and Ecology, Kochi 263 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Balaji, M; Rao, MV and Rao, KS (1999) Natural resistance of ten species of catamaran grade timber to marine wood borer attack at Visakhapatnam and Kochi harbours Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 41(1&2) 96-102 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Gaonkar, CA; Sawant, SS; Anil, AC; Krishnamurthy, V and Harkantra, SN (2010) Changes in the occurance of hard substratum fauna: A case study from Mumbai harbour, India Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources, CSIR, New Delhi, India 39(1) 74-84 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/3596/1/Indian_J_Mar_Sci_39_74.pdf
  • Menon, NR and Nair, NB (1975) Indian species of malacostega (polyzoa, ectoproacta) Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 17(3) 553-579 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-06-16

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